Über die Toten zu den Lebenden: Menschliche Überreste vom spätlatènezeitlichen Fundplatz Basel-Gasfabrik und ihre kulturgeschichtlichen Deutungen.
Third-party funded project
Project title Über die Toten zu den Lebenden: Menschliche Überreste vom spätlatènezeitlichen Fundplatz Basel-Gasfabrik und ihre kulturgeschichtlichen Deutungen.
Principal Investigator(s) Lassau, Guido
Co-Investigator(s) Röder, Brigitte
Schibler, Jörg
Project Members Spichtig, Norbert
Pichler, Sandra
Kühn, Maria Luise Marlu
Rissanen, Eeva Hannele
Organisation / Research unit Departement Altertumswissenschaften / Ur- und Frühgeschichte (Röder),
Departement Umweltwissenschaften / Archäozoologie (Schibler),
Departement Umweltwissenschaften / Sozialgeschichte (Röder)
Project start 01.01.2011
Probable end 30.06.2014
Status Completed
Abstract The treatment of dead bodies in the Late La Tène period in particular is a prominent phenomenon, the manifestations of which break present-day taboos. Besides the interment of complete bodies in grave fields, a variety of burials in settlements and sanctuaries are known. Skulls as well as isolated bones showing traces of manipulation have been found in settlements, sometimes associated with refuse, reminiscent of some form of ancestor worship or even anthropophagy. The coexistence of various modes of treating the dead is a manifestation of the complexity that existed in terms of the practices that revolved around dead bodies. These should be analysed and interpreted as a whole and while remaining conscious of one's own taboos. Using the Late La Tène site of Basel-Gasfabrik (c. 150 - 80 BC) as a case study, the research project addresses this desideratum in European Iron Age research. With its two cemeteries and its large-scale settlement area where all the aforementioned categories of mortal remains are represented, this well-documented site offers unique prerequisites for the study of the treatment of the dead in the Late La Tène period, while taking into account for the first time its complexity and multidimensionality. Pioneering work will also be carried out in terms of the systematic analysis of the archaeological features which contained skeletons or parts thereof in the general settlement context, while also paying attention to and reconstructing the underlying taphonomic processes. The study follows the 'integrative archaeology' concept with a close collaboration between archaeology, anthropology, bioarchaeometry, geoarchaeology, archaeozoology and archaeobotany. Only within this framework will it be possible to address questions as to whether human remains in settlements were dumped as waste or whether they might, for example, represent the remnants of multi-stage funerary rites. The multidimensional comparison between individuals from the grave fields and those from the settlement will constitute another central aspect of the investigations. Besides reconstructing potential ritual differences, it will be of interest to ask whether the individuals belonged to different social groups. In this context the great potential of bioarchaeometric and anthropological analyses will provide fundamental information regarding hitherto unknown selection mechanisms in the treatment of the dead. The study of the human remains from Basel-Gasfabrik promises to provide fundamental insight into the collective and individual living conditions, the origins and the gene pool of the population, the social situation and funerary rites.
Keywords archaeozoology, Archäologie, geoarchaeology, anthropology, Siedlung, Archäometrie, bioarchaeometry, archaeology, Late La Tène period, Menschliche Skelettreste, funerary rites, Basel-Gasfabrik (c. 150 - 80 BC), Bestattung, settlement, archaeobotany
Financed by Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)

Published results ()

  ID Autor(en) Titel ISSN / ISBN Erschienen in Art der Publikation
2281124  Rissanen, Hannele; Pichler, Sandra; Spichtig, Norbert; Alt, Kurt W.; Brönnimann, David; Knipper, Corina; Kühn, Marlu; Rentzel, Philippe; Röder, Brigitte; Schibler, Jörg; Stopp, Barbara; Vach, Werner; Warnberg, Ole; Lassau, Guido  "Wenn Kinder sterben..." : Säuglinge und Kleinkinder vom latènezeitlichen Fundplatz Basel-Gasfabrik (Kanton Basel-Stadt, Schweiz)  978-3-941171-87-9    Publication: ConferencePaper (Artikel, die in Tagungsbänden erschienen sind) 
2232882  Pichler, Sandra; Rissanen, Hannele; Spichtig, Norbert; Alt, Kurt Werner; Röder, Brigitte; Schibler, Jörg; Lassau, Guido  Die Regelmässigkeit des Irregulären : menschliche Skelettreste vom spätlatènezeitlichen Fundplatz Basel-Gasfabrik  978-3-7749-3862-2    Publication: ConferencePaper (Artikel, die in Tagungsbänden erschienen sind) 
2337071  Pichler, Sandra L.; Pümpin, Christine; Brönnimann, David; Rentzel, Philippe  Life in the proto-urban style: the identification of parasite eggs in micromorphological thin sections from the Basel-Gasfabrik Late Iron Age settlement, Switzerland  0305-4403  Journal of archaeological science  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 

Cooperations ()

  ID Kreditinhaber Kooperationspartner Institution Laufzeit - von Laufzeit - bis
478851  Röder, Brigitte  Schibler, Jörg  Universität Basel  01.01.2011  31.12.2013 
478852  Röder, Brigitte  Lassau, Guido  Archäologische Bodenforschung Basel-Stadt  01.01.2011  31.12.2013 
478854  Röder, Brigitte  Alt, Kurt  Universität Mainz  01.01.2011  31.12.2013 
   

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