A sensory bias has triggered the evolution of egg-spots in cichlid fishes
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 973995
Author(s) Egger, Bernd; Klaefiger, Yuri; Theis, Anya; Salzburger, Walter
Author(s) at UniBasel Salzburger, Walter
Year 2011
Title A sensory bias has triggered the evolution of egg-spots in cichlid fishes
Journal PLoS ONE
Volume 6
Number 10
Abstract Although, generally, the origin of sex-limited traits remains elusive, the sensory exploitation hypothesis provides an explanation for the evolution of male sexual signals. Anal fin egg-spots are such a male sexual signal and a key characteristic of the most species-rich group of cichlid fishes, the haplochromines. Males of about 1500 mouth-brooding species utilize these conspicuous egg-dummies during courtship--apparently to attract females and to maximize fertilization success. Here we test the hypothesis that the evolution of haplochromine egg-spots was triggered by a pre-existing bias for eggs or egg-like coloration. To this end, we performed mate-choice experiments in the basal haplochromine Pseudocrenilabrus multicolor, which manifests the plesiomorphic character-state of an egg-spot-less anal fin. Experiments using computer-animated photographs of males indeed revealed that females prefer images of males with virtual ('in-silico') egg-spots over images showing unaltered males. In addition, we tested for color preferences (outside a mating context) in a phylogenetically representative set of East African cichlids. We uncovered a strong preference for yellow, orange or reddish spots in all haplochromines tested and, importantly, also in most other species representing more basal lines. This pre-existing female sensory bias points towards high-quality (carotenoids-enriched) food suggesting that it is adaptive.
Publisher Public Library of Science
ISSN/ISBN 1932-6203
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5849093
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0025601
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22028784
ISI-Number WOS:000296186900013
Document type (ISI) Article

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