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Investigating sulfate sorption and desorption of acid forest soils with special consideration of soil structure
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 86915
Author(s) Alewell, C
Author(s) at UniBasel Alewell, Christine
Year 1998
Title Investigating sulfate sorption and desorption of acid forest soils with special consideration of soil structure
Journal Journal of plant nutrition and soil science
Volume 161
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 73-80

When investigating the reversibility of soil and water acidification due to a reduction of SO42- deposition, the size and stability of the reversibly bound SO42- fraction in soils are important parameters. The desorption behaviour of SO42- in three acid forest soils was investigated using columns with undisturbed and disturbed (< 5 mm sieved) soil material. The results were compared to batch experiments. A comparison of the undisturbed and the disturbed soil samples showed that the soil structure had no effect on the chemistry of the soil solution, the S-mineralisation rates or the SO42- desorption rates. A comparison of the batch and the column method showed only minor differences in desorption rates. However, fitting the measured desorption rates to a modified Langmuir equation showed a more distinct difference between both methods. It was concluded that the batch method was more suitable to establish SO42- desorption isotherms. When investigating SO42- dynamics of soils, the heterogeneity of the soils has to be considered because the spatial variability of isotherm parameters was found to be greater than differences between the investigated methods. Furthermore, SO42- sorption showed a distinct hysteresis. While mast of the sorbed SO42- was desorbed at concentrations less than or equal to 5-10 mg SO42-.l(-1), a sorption of SO42- was observed only at concentrations greater than or equal to 20-30 mg SO42-.l(-1).

Publisher Verlag Chemie
ISSN/ISBN 0044-3263
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1002/jpln.1998.3581610112
ISI-Number WOS:000072323100011
Document type (ISI) Article

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