Stable carbon isotopes in soils as indicators of environmental change
Third-party funded project
Project title Stable carbon isotopes in soils as indicators of environmental change
Principal Investigator(s) Alewell, Christine
Co-Investigator(s) Leifeld, Jens
Organisation / Research unit Departement Umweltwissenschaften / Umweltgeowissenschaften (Alewell)
Project start 01.11.2011
Probable end 31.10.2014
Status Completed
Abstract

Soil degradation threatens human resources under current global change regime. As such, indicators for soil degradation are urgently needed to survey and monitor short term and long term impacts on soils. With this proposed study we aim to delineate indicators for soil erosion and carbon degradation during soil erosion in grassland and forest soils of the Alps qualitatively and quantitatively. The latter will be investigated at two test site in the Swiss Alps (Goms, Canton Valais and Val Piora, Canton Ticino) where data on 137Cs based erosion rates are already available. We further aim to develop a concept to use isotope depth profiles as well as ash contents as indicators for wetland disturbance (draining, nutrient input or climate change warming). In combining stable isotope profiles and ash content data we aim to quantify carbon degradation due to disturbance by draining or nutrient input. A gradient of wetlands ranging from the northern most Europe 200 km north of the polar cycle down to the Alps will be investigated to test our hypotheses.

Keywords soil degradation, wetland degradation, mires, fens, bogs, peats, soil erosion, land use, Alps, European transect, δ13C
Financed by Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)

Published results ()

  ID Autor(en) Titel ISSN / ISBN Erschienen in Art der Publikation
86870  Schaub, Monika; Alewell, Christine  Stable carbon isotopes as an indicator for soil degradation in an alpine environment (Urseren Valley, Switzerland)  1097-0231  Rapid communications in mass spectrometry  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
694006  Alewell, C.; Giesler, R.; Klaminder, J.; Leifeld, J.; Rollog, M.  Stable carbon isotopes as indicators for environmental change in palsa peats  1810-6277 ; 1810-6285  Biogeosciences  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
2622241  Krueger, J. P.; Leifeld, J.; Alewell, C.  Degradation changes stable carbon isotope depth profiles in palsa peatlands  1726-4170  Biogeosciences  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
3120906  Krueger, J. P.; Leifeld, J.; Glatzel, S.; Szidat, S.; Alewell, C.  Biogeochemical indicators of peatland degradation - a case study of a temperate bog in northern Germany    Biogeosciences  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
3344048  Krüger, Jan Paul; Leifeld, Jens; Glatzel, Stephan; Alewell, Christine  Soil carbon loss from managed peatlands along a land use gradient - a comparison of three different methods  1420-6773  BGS Bulletin  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
3289582  Krüger, Jan Paul; Alewell, Christine  Stable isotopes as indicators of environmental change  978-87-93129-11-5  INTERACT Stories of Arctic Science  Publication: Book Item (Buchkap., Lexikonartikel, jur. Kommentierung, Beiträge in Sammelbänden etc.) 

Cooperations ()

  ID Kreditinhaber Kooperationspartner Institution Laufzeit - von Laufzeit - bis
411056  Fritsche, Johannes  Kevin Bishop  Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet  01.01.2010  31.12.2012 
983580  Alewell, Christine  Leifeld, Jens, Dr.  ART Reckenholz  03.01.2012  03.01.2012 
983584  Alewell, Christine  von Sengbusch, Pascal, Dr.  Consulting Office Wetlands Research  03.01.2012  03.01.2012 
983611  Alewell, Christine  Alm, Jukka, Dr.   The Finnish Forest Research Institute, Joenssu  03.01.2012  31.12.2015 
983616  Alewell, Christine  Hajdas, Irka, Dr.  ETH Zürich  03.01.2012  31.12.2015 
983625  Alewell, Christine  Bishop, Kevin, Prof. Dr.  University of Uppsala  03.01.2012  31.12.2015 
   

MCSS v5.8 PRO. 0.336 sec, queries - 0.000 sec ©Universität Basel  |  Impressum   |    
26/11/2022