Think of capable others and you can make it! : self-efficacy mediates the effect of stereotype activation on behavior
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 80765
Author(s) Hansen, Jochim; Waenke, Michaela
Author(s) at UniBasel Wänke, Michaela
Hansen, Jochim
Year 2009
Title Think of capable others and you can make it! : self-efficacy mediates the effect of stereotype activation on behavior
Journal Social cognition
Volume 27
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 76-88
Keywords AUTOMATIC BEHAVIOR; SOCIAL-BEHAVIOR; PERFORMANCE; PERCEPTION; MECHANISMS; JUDGMENTS; DEPLETION; CONTRAST; BELIEFS; IMPACT
Abstract

Previous research has shown that activating a stereotype can influence subsequent behavior in a stereotype-consistent way. The present research investigates the role of self-efficacy beliefs in this effect. Specifically, we demonstrate that being primed with the stereotype of professors increases knowledge confidence compared to being primed with a less educated profession (Experiments I and 2), and that these higher self-efficacy beliefs result in higher performance at a general knowledge test (Experiment 2). These findings are corroborated in Experiment 3 that shows that participants primed with the stereotype of athletes show higher persistence in a physical exercise than participants primed with a stereotype less associated with persistence. Again, behavior was mediated by self-efficacy beliefs. The findings are in line with the active-self account (Wheeler & Petty, 2001; Wheeler, DeMarree, & Petty, 2007) that proposes that priming with a stereotype influences a person`s behavior through altered self-representations.

Publisher Guildford Press
ISSN/ISBN 0278-016X
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5250720
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1521/soco.2009.27.1.76
ISI-Number WOS:000263644700005
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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