Anxiety trait modulates psychophysiological reactions, but not habituation processes related to affective auditory stimuli
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 50406
Author(s) Martin-Soelch, Chantal; Stöcklin, Markus; Dammann, Gerhard; Opwis, Klaus; Seifritz, Erich
Author(s) at UniBasel Opwis, Klaus
Year 2006
Title Anxiety trait modulates psychophysiological reactions, but not habituation processes related to affective auditory stimuli
Journal International journal of psychophysiology
Volume 61
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 87-97
Keywords emotion, sounds, psychophysiology, habituation, anxiety, orienting reaction, autonomic system
Abstract

Background: It is well known that there are specific peripheral activation patterns associated with the emotional valence of sounds. However, it is unclear how these effects adapt over time. The personality traits influencing these processes are also not clear. Anxiety disorders influence the autonomic activation related to emotional processing. However. personality anxiety trans have never been studied in the context of affective auditory stimuli. Methods: Heart rate, skin Conductance. zygomatic muscle activity and subjective rating, of emotional valence and arousal were recorded in healthy subjects during the presentation of pleasant. unpleasant. and neutral sounds. Recordines were repeated I week later to examine possible time-dependent changes related to habituation and sensitization processes. Results and conclusion: There was not a generalized habituation or sensitization process related to the repeated presentation of affective sounds, but rather, specific adaptation processes for each physiological measure. These observations; are consistent with previous studies performed with affective pictures and simple tones. Thus. the measures of skin conductance activity showed the strongest changes over little. including habituation during the first presentation session and sensitization at the end of the second presentation session. whereas the facial electromyographic activity habituated only for the neutral stimuli and the heart rate did not habituate at all. Finally. we showed that the measure of personality trait anxiety influenced the orienting reaction to affective sounds. but not the adaptation processes related to the repeated presentation of these Sounds. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 0167-8760
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249019
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.07.009
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16135389
ISI-Number WOS:000239185700001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

MCSS v5.8 PRO. 0.451 sec, queries - 0.000 sec ©Universität Basel  |  Impressum   |    
04/08/2020