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Relationship between body mass index and physical activity among children from low-income communities in Gqeberha, South Africa: a cross-sectional study
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4662240
Author(s) Dolley, D.; Du Randt, R.; Puhse, U.; Gerber, M.; Bosma, J.; Aerts, A.; Adams, L.; Arnaiz, P.; Joubert, N.; Müller, I.; Nqweniso, S.; Seelig, H.; Steinmann, P.; Utzinger, J.; Walter, C.
Author(s) at UniBasel Joubert, Nandi
Steinmann, Peter
Utzinger, Jürg
Seelig, Harald
Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Arnaiz Jimenez, Patricia
Müller, Ivan
Year 2023
Title Relationship between body mass index and physical activity among children from low-income communities in Gqeberha, South Africa: a cross-sectional study
Journal Int J Environ Res Public Health
Volume 20
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 1428
Keywords Male; Female; Humans; Child; Body Mass Index; Cross-Sectional Studies; *Overweight/epidemiology; Thinness/epidemiology; South Africa/epidemiology; *Pediatric Obesity; Exercise; Body Weight; children; low-income schools; moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; obesity; overweight; underweight
Mesh terms Male; Female; Humans; Child; Body Mass Index; Cross-Sectional Studies; Overweight, epidemiology; Thinness, epidemiology; South Africa, epidemiology; Pediatric Obesity; Exercise; Body Weight
Abstract This study aimed to establish the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity, the level of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and the association thereof among vulnerable children from low-income communities in South Africa. Cross-sectional data were collected from 916 children (467 boys and 449 girls) aged 8-13 years (x̄ = 10.4 +/- 1.2 years) attending eight low-income schools in Gqeberha, South Africa. Measured outcomes included accelerometery-measured physical activity (PA), weight, height and body mass index (BMI). Analysis of variance was used to determine the mean difference of total MVPA stratified by sex and BMI classification. Overall, 13% of the cohort were underweight, 19% were overweight/obese and 64% engaged in 60 min of MVPA per day. Girls presented nearly twice the odds of being overweight or obese than boys (95% CI: 1.40-2.77). Underweight to normal-weight children (boys: OR = 3.89, 95% CI: 2.18-6.93; girls: OR = 1.78, 95% CI: 1.13-2.80) were more likely to engage in 60 min/day of MVPA than overweight to obese children. There is an inverse association between BMI categories and theduration of MVPA achieved per day. Special attention should be aimed at increasing awareness of healthy nutrition and promoting a variety of PA, especially among girls and children with excess weight.
ISSN/ISBN 1660-4601 (Electronic)1660-4601 (Linking)
URL https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021428
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/93554/
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.3390/ijerph20021428
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36674182
ISI-Number WOS:000920475100001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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