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Risk factors for brucellosis and knowledge-attitude practice among pastoralists in Afar and Somali regions of Ethiopia
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4651884
Author(s) Tschopp, R.; Gebregiorgis, A.; Abdulkadir, O.; Molla, W.; Hamid, M.; Tassachew, Y.; Andualem, H.; Osman, M.; Waqjira, M. W.; Mohammed, A.; Negron, M.; Walke, H.; Kadzik, M.; Mamo, G.
Author(s) at UniBasel Tschopp, Rea
Year 2022
Title Risk factors for brucellosis and knowledge-attitude practice among pastoralists in Afar and Somali regions of Ethiopia
Journal Prev Vet Med
Volume 199
Pages / Article-Number 105557
Keywords Brucellosis; Ethiopia; Livestock; Pastoralists; Risk factors
Mesh terms Abortion, Veterinary; Animals; Brucellosis, veterinary; Ethiopia, epidemiology; Goat Diseases; Goats; Risk Factors; Somalia
Abstract BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a neglected bacterial zoonotic disease with substantial economic impact on households. Pastoral communities are a potential risk group due to their way of life being closely interlinked with their large livestock herds. METHODOLOGY: A semi-structured questionnaire survey was conducted in households in the pastoral Afar and Somali (SRS) regions. All households had people and animals serologically tested for brucellosis. Questions were related to husbandry, consumption habits, and knowledge-attitude-practice towards the disease and zoonoses. Descriptive statistics and logistic analysis were performed to assess potential risk factors for having households with positive humans and/or animals. RESULT: 647 households were included in the survey. Herd brucellosis prevalence was 40.3 % (15.9-86.3 % in Afar; 4-72.2 % in SRS). Over half (56.3 %) of the households in Afar and 41.8 % in SRS had at least one human reactor. Nearly a quarter of the households (22.8 %), recalled abortions in goats in the last 12 months, whereas 52.5 % and 50.3 % recalled stillborn in all species and membrane retentions respectively. All respondents drank raw milk and discarded animal afterbirths in the direct surroundings with minimal protection. Risk factors for animal reactors were goat herd size, and goat abortion. There was no identified risk factor for having human reactors in households. None of the households knew about brucellosis. CONCLUSION: Although being endemic in Afar and SRS, Brucellosis is not known by the pastoralists. Brucellosis control programs will have to be tailored to the pastoral context, accounting for their mobility, large, multi-species herds and habits.
ISSN/ISBN 1873-1716 (Electronic)0167-5877 (Linking)
URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2021.105557
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/90975/
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2021.105557
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34902652
ISI-Number WOS:000737295800004
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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