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HPV vaccine awareness, knowledge and information sources among youth in Switzerland: a mixed methods study
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4651840
Author(s) Schwendener, C. L.; Kiener, L. M.; Jafflin, K.; Rouached, S.; Juillerat, A.; Meier, V.; Schärli Maurer, S.; Muggli, F.; Gültekin, N.; Baumann, A.; Debergh, M.; Gruillot, C.; Huber, B.; Merten, S.; Buhl, A.; Deml, M. J.; Tarr, P. E.
Author(s) at UniBasel Buhl-Colmsee, Andrea Christina
Jafflin, Kristen
Baumann, Aron
Merten, Sonja
Year 2022
Title HPV vaccine awareness, knowledge and information sources among youth in Switzerland: a mixed methods study
Journal BMJ Open
Volume 12
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number e054419
Keywords immunology; preventive medicine; public health; sexual medicine
Mesh terms Adolescent; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Health Personnel; Humans; Male; Papillomavirus Infections, prevention & control; Papillomavirus Vaccines; Switzerland; Vaccination
Abstract OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide a detailed characterisation of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine awareness, knowledge and information sources in the HPV vaccine decision-making process of youth, both male and female, in Switzerland. DESIGN: With a mixed-method study design, we conducted quantitative questionnaires and qualitative interviews, which lasted 20-45 min. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We recruited participants, 15-26 years of age, in physicians' offices, in a local sexual health clinic, and during military enlistment. We administered quantitative questionnaires to 997 youth participants (585 male, 412 female) and conducted qualitative interviews with 31 youth (17 male, 14 female). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: We assessed HPV vaccine awareness, knowledge, information sources and vaccination status. RESULTS: In the study's quantitative component, 108 (20%) male and 262 (65%) female participants had received >/=1 dose of HPV vaccine. 697 (70%) participants were knowledgeable about the HPV vaccine. Females were more likely to be knowledgeable than males (342/412 (83%) vs 355/585 (61%); p<0.01). Younger participants in the sample compared with older participants were more likely to be aware of HPV vaccine (135/148 (91%) vs 695/849 (82%); p 4 years prior to the data collection, HPV vaccine knowledge was higher among females than males, and a female-gendered perception of HPV vaccine remains prevalent. Internet and social media were minor HPV vaccine information sources. Study findings demonstrate that HPV knowledge matters for HPV vaccine uptake and suggest that we should improve HPV information quality and access for youth, particularly by tailoring knowledge campaigns to young men.
ISSN/ISBN 2044-6055 (Electronic)2044-6055 (Linking)
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-054419
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000749001500026
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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