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Strengthening primary healthcare in Kosovo requires tailoring primary, secondary and tertiary prevention interventions and consideration of mental health
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4651777
Author(s) Obas, K. A.; Bytyci-Katanolli, A.; Kwiatkowski, M.; Ramadani, Q.; Fota, N.; Jerliu, N.; Statovci, S.; Gerold, J.; Zahorka, M.; Probst-Hensch, N.
Author(s) at UniBasel Obas, Katrina
Bytyši Katanolli, Ariana
Kwiatkowski, Marek
Zahorka, Manfred
Probst-Hensch, Nicole
Year 2022
Title Strengthening primary healthcare in Kosovo requires tailoring primary, secondary and tertiary prevention interventions and consideration of mental health
Journal Front Public Health
Volume 10
Pages / Article-Number 794309
Keywords Cross-Sectional Studies; Depression/diagnosis/epidemiology; *Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology/prevention & control; Humans; *Hypertension; Kosovo/epidemiology; Mental Health; *Noncommunicable Diseases; Primary Health Care; *Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications/epidemiology/prevention &; control; Tertiary Prevention; Copd; depressive symptoms; diabetes; hypertension; prevention; public health; commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential; conflict of interest.
Mesh terms Cross-Sectional Studies; Depression, epidemiology; Diabetes Mellitus, prevention & control; Humans; Hypertension; Kosovo, epidemiology; Mental Health; Noncommunicable Diseases; Primary Health Care; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, prevention & control; Tertiary Prevention
Abstract Objectives: Kosovo has the lowest life expectancy in the Balkans. Primary healthcare (PHC) plays an essential role in non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention. We described primary, secondary and tertiary prevention indicators in Kosovo and assessed their association with depressive symptoms. Methods: PHC users (n = 977) from the Kosovo NCD cohort baseline study were included. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Depressive Anxiety Stress Scale-21. Cross-sectional associations between depressive symptoms and prevention indicators were quantified with mixed logistic regression models. Results: Poor nutrition (85%), physical inactivity (70%), obesity (53%), and smoking (21%) were common NCD risk factors. Many cases of hypertension (19%), diabetes (16%) and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (45%) remained undetected by a PHC professional. Uncontrolled hypertension (28%), diabetes (79%), and COPD (76%) were also common. Depressive symptoms were positively associated with physical inactivity (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00-1.05 per 1-point increase in DASS-21) and undetected COPD (OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.00-1.15), but inversely with undetected diabetes (OR 0.95; 95% CI 0.91-1.00). Conclusions: Continued attention and tailored modifications to primary, secondary and tertiary prevention in Kosovo are needed to narrow the Balkan health gap.
ISSN/ISBN 2296-2565 (Electronic)2296-2565 (Linking)
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.3389/fpubh.2022.794309
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000792452200001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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