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Methods matter: a comparative review of health risk assessments for ambient air pollution in Switzerland
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4651503
Author(s) Castro, A.; Röösli, M.; de Hoogh, K.; Kappeler, R.; Kutlar Joss, M.; Vienneau, D.; Künzli, N.
Author(s) at UniBasel Castro Fernández, Alberto
Röösli, Martin
de Hoogh, Kees
Kappeler, Ron
Kutlar Joss, Meltem
Vienneau, Danielle
Künzli, Nino
Year 2022
Title Methods matter: a comparative review of health risk assessments for ambient air pollution in Switzerland
Journal Public health reviews
Volume 43
Pages / Article-Number 1604431
Abstract Objectives: Air pollution health risk assessments (AP-HRAs) provide a method to quantify health effects for entire populations. In Switzerland, AP-HRAs are included in Swiss assessments for Transport Externalities (STEs), ordered by public authorities since the 1990s. This study aimed to describe the differences among national and international AP-HRAs for Switzerland. Methods: We compared input data, approaches and results across AP-HRAs over time. Results and input data for each AP-HRA were expressed as a ratio compared to the most recent STE (in most cases STE-2010). Results: Substantial variation across AP-HRAs was found. For all-cause adult mortality attributed to particulate matter (the most frequent outcome-pollutant pair), the ratio in HRAs oscillated from 0.40 to 2.09 (times the STE-2010 value). Regarding input data, the ratio ranged from 0.69 to 1.26 for population exposure, from 0 to 1.81 for counterfactual scenario, from 0.96 to 1.13 for concentration-response function and from 1.03 to 1.13 for baseline health data. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that methods matter for AP-HRAs. Transparent and possibly standardized reporting of key input data and assumptions should be promoted to facilitate comparison of AP-HRAs.
ISSN/ISBN 0301-0422
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.3389/phrs.2022.1604431
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000791304300001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article, Review

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