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Neurophysiological correlates of interference control and response inhibition processes in children and adolescents engaging in open- and closed-skill sports.
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4649208
Author(s) Ludyga, Sebastian; Mücke, Manuel; Andrä, Christian; Gerber, Markus; Pühse, Uwe
Author(s) at UniBasel Ludyga, Sebastian
Hanke, Manuel
Gerber, Markus
Pühse, Uwe
Year 2022
Title Neurophysiological correlates of interference control and response inhibition processes in children and adolescents engaging in open- and closed-skill sports.
Journal Journal of sport and health science
Volume 11
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 224-233
Keywords Conflict monitoring; Event-related potentials; Exercise; Go/NoGo; Physical activity; Stroop Color−Word
Mesh terms Adolescent; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Electroencephalography, methods; Evoked Potentials, physiology; Humans; Inhibition, Psychological; Reaction Time, physiology
Abstract

Accumulating evidence suggests that sports participation promotes the development of inhibitory control, but the influences of the sports category and inhibition type still remain unclear. The categorization of sports based on the open-skill (externally paced) and closed-skill (self-paced) continuum allows for the integration of the environment as a factor contributing to sports-related benefits for inhibitory control.; Cross-sectional data from different studies were combined (n = 184) to examine the association between open- and closed-skill sports and cognitive control processes related to interference control and response inhibition. Participants (aged 9-14 years) filled in 7-day physical activity recall protocols and completed a Stroop Color-Word or a Go/NoGo task. The N200, N450, and P300 components of event-related potentials elicited by these tasks were recorded using electroencephalography.; Partial correlations supported the belief that time spent in open-skill sports was related to higher performance on inhibition trials. Additionally, path analyses revealed an association between this sports type and a greater negativity in the N200 and N450 amplitudes in both the full sample and group-level analyses. In contrast, no relation was found between sports type and P300 amplitude.; The findings suggest that only the engagement in open-skill sports is associated with more effective conflict monitoring and higher performance on tasks demanding inhibitory control.

ISSN/ISBN 2213-2961
Full Text on edoc
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.jshs.2021.01.001
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33421617
   

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