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Behavioral and neurocognitive effects of judo training on working memory capacity in children with ADHD: A randomized controlled trial
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4649203
Author(s) Ludyga, Sebastian; Mücke, Manuel; Leuenberger, Rahel; Bruggisser, Fabienne; Pühse, Uwe; Gerber, Markus; Capone-Mori, Andrea; Keutler, Clemens; Brotzmann, Mark; Weber, Peter
Author(s) at UniBasel Ludyga, Sebastian
Hanke, Manuel
Gerber, Markus
Pühse, Uwe
Year 2022
Title Behavioral and neurocognitive effects of judo training on working memory capacity in children with ADHD: A randomized controlled trial
Journal NeuroImage: Clinical
Volume 36
Pages / Article-Number 103156
Keywords Change detection task; Contralateral delay activity; Executive function; Exercise; Martial arts
Mesh terms Child; Humans; Adult; Memory, Short-Term; Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, diagnosis; Motor Skills; Memory Disorders; Electroencephalography; Executive Function
Abstract Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) face deficits in working memory capacity that often persist into adulthood. In healthy peers, exercise targeting motor skill acquisition benefits visuospatial working memory, but its potential to reduce ADHD-related deficits remains unclear. We investigated the effect of a judo training program targeting motor skills on behavioral and neurocognitive indices of working memory capacity in children with ADHD.; Children with ADHD aged 8 to 12 years (N = 57) were randomly allocated to a judo training group and a wait-list control group. The training program encompassed 120 min of judo per week over three months. Before and after the intervention period, participants completed a bilateral Change Detection task with low and high memory load conditions and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2). The contralateral delay activity (CDA) elicited by the cognitive task was recorded using electroencephalography.; Compared to the control group, the judo training group showed a higher K-score on the Change Detection task and an increased negativity of the CDA on the high load condition following the intervention, when pretest scores (and confounders) were accounted for. In contrast, no group differences were found for MABC-2 score.; In children with ADHD, judo training may complement the pharmacological treatment by increasing the effectiveness of working memory maintenance processes. On a behavioral level, this improvement is accompanied with an increased capacity to store visuospatial information.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 2213-1582
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.nicl.2022.103156
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000861001500006
Document type (ISI) Randomized Controlled Trial, Journal Article

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