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Exercise types and working memory components during development.
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4649195
Author(s) Ludyga, Sebastian; Gerber, Markus; Kamijo, Keita
Author(s) at UniBasel Ludyga, Sebastian
Gerber, Markus
Year 2022
Title Exercise types and working memory components during development.
Journal Trends in cognitive sciences
Volume 26
Number 3
Pages / Article-Number 191-203
Keywords adolescents; children; episodic memory; physical activity; physical fitness; short-term memory
Mesh terms Adolescent; Child; Cognition; Exercise; Exercise Therapy; Humans; Learning; Memory, Short-Term

Working memory is crucial to learning and academic success. Exercise has been found to benefit working memory in late life, but its effects during cognitive development are less clear. Building on findings that working memory is supported by the motor system, we highlight the sensitivity of different working memory components to acute and long-term exercise in children and adolescents. We also consider how the specific skill demands of endurance and coordinative exercise influence this sensitivity. Distinct effects of these exercise types are further linked with neurocognitive and neuroendocrine pathways. Our review suggests long-term rather than acute benefits of exercise for children and adolescents' working memory, which are more pronounced and specific for exercise with high coordinative demands.

ISSN/ISBN 1879-307X
Full Text on edoc
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.tics.2021.12.004
PubMed ID

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