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Intra-Alpine Islands: Population genomic inference reveals high degree of isolation between freshwater spring habitats
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4649187
Author(s) Blattner, Lucas; Lucek, Kay; Beck, Nathanael; Berner, Daniel; von Fumetti, Stefanie
Author(s) at UniBasel Blattner, Lucas
Lucek, Kay
Berner, Daniel
von Fumetti, Stefanie
Year 2022
Title Intra-Alpine Islands: Population genomic inference reveals high degree of isolation between freshwater spring habitats
Journal Diversity and Distributions
Volume 28
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 291-305
Keywords Alps, freshwater springs, hydrachnidia, insular-habitats, population structure, RADseq
Abstract Abstract Aim Alpine spring ecosystems have long been considered as highly isolated, island-like habitats. This presumption, however, is insufficiently supported empirically and conclusions about spring isolation have been based on indirect evidence. Therefore, we investigated the population genomic structure of Partnunia steinmanni Walter, 1906, a strictly spring-dwelling water mite (Hydrachnidia) species, to shed light on the degree of interconnection among freshwater spring habitats. Location Protected areas across the Alps, Central Europe. Methods Partnunia steinmanni populations were sampled by hand-net from 12 springs. Population genomic structure was inferred with 2263 polymorphic restriction site-associated DNA (RADseq) loci of 256 individuals. We assessed genomic admixture, the phylogenetic relationship, isolation by distance, contemporary migration, effective population sizes, and genetic diversity among individuals from different springs. Results We observed strong genetic differentiation between individuals from different springs. Water mites from each spring qualified as well-delimited distinct populations with only little intra-spring migration, even when these were located in close geographic proximity. Furthermore, we found subtle shared genetic structure among springs within the same area, and a southwestern genotype associated with the Rhône catchment that extended into eastern populations. Effective population size estimates and standing genetic variation within springs were generally low. Main conclusions Our findings indicate strong insularity of freshwater springs and headwater areas, likely caused by intra-alpine Pleistocene isolation and limited dispersal abilities of strictly spring-bound species like P. steinmanni. Our results support the concept of spring habitat isolation and highlight the importance of alpine protected areas to conserve springs as substantial components of freshwater biodiversity.
ISSN/ISBN 1366-9516 ; 1472-4642
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1111/ddi.13461
ISI-Number 000730960400001
Document type (ISI) Article

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