Access to paediatric oncology centres in Switzerland: Disparities across rural–urban and Swiss-foreigners cohorts
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4648832
Author(s) Rauch, Sebastian; Rakic, Milenko; Hengartner, Heinz; Elger, Bernice; Rost, Michael
Author(s) at UniBasel Rost, Michael
Elger, Bernice Simone
Rakic, Milenko
Year 2022
Title Access to paediatric oncology centres in Switzerland: Disparities across rural–urban and Swiss-foreigners cohorts
Journal European Journal of Cancer Care
Pages / Article-Number 13679
Abstract

Objective

In face of disparities in access to cancer care, it has been proposed to measure accessibility and to explore policy strategies for mitigating inequality of access. We aimed to determine the accessibility of Swiss paediatric oncology centres.

Methods

We employed spatial accessibility analysis, calculating driving time to nearest facility. Four data types were used: disaggregated population data, administrative data, street network data and addresses of centres. Besides analysing general accessibility, we compared access of urban versus rural areas and of Swiss citizens versus foreign residents and evaluated designating a new centre to improve accessibility.

Results

Overall, 97.4% could reach the nearest centre within 120 min (95.0% < 90 min, 86.5% < 60 min, 48.5% < 30 min). Accessibility could most effectively be improved by a new centre in Sion (city in the southwest of Switzerland). Access in urban areas was better than in rural areas. In urban areas, access of European Union/European Free Trade Association (EU/EFTA) and non-European residents was better than access of Swiss citizens and residents from non-EU European countries.

Conclusion

Access is satisfactory. However, our study presents high-resolution insights which could serve as points of leverage for policymakers to mitigate inequalities by designating a new centre and to evaluate potential benefits of centralisation.

Full Text on edoc
Digital Object Identifier DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/ecc.13679
   

MCSS v5.8 PRO. 0.463 sec, queries - 0.000 sec ©Universität Basel  |  Impressum   |    
29/01/2023