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Individual notions of fair data sharing from the perspectives of Swiss stakeholders.
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4627457
Author(s) Geneviève, Lester Darryl; Martani, Andrea; Elger, Bernice Simone; Wangmo, Tenzin
Author(s) at UniBasel Elger, Bernice Simone
Geneviève, Lester
Martani, Andrea
Wangmo, Tenzin
Year 2021
Title Individual notions of fair data sharing from the perspectives of Swiss stakeholders.
Journal BMC health services research
Volume 21
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 1007
Keywords Data sharing; Fairness; Health Research
Mesh terms Ecosystem; Humans; Information Dissemination; Motivation; Qualitative Research; Switzerland
Abstract

The meaningful sharing of health data between different stakeholders is central to the advancement of science and to improve care offered to individual patients. However, it is important that the interests of individual stakeholders involved in this data sharing ecosystem are taken into account to ensure fair data sharing practices. In this regard, this qualitative study investigates such practices from the perspectives of a subset of relevant Swiss expert stakeholders, using a distributive justice lens.; Using purposive and snowball sampling methodologies, 48 expert stakeholders from the Swiss healthcare and research domains were recruited for semi-structured interviews. After the experts had consented, the interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim, but omitting identifying information to ensure confidentiality and anonymity. A thematic analysis using a deductive approach was conducted to identify fair data sharing practices for secondary research purposes. Themes and subthemes were then identified and developed during the analysis.; Three distributive justice themes were identified in the data sharing negotiation processes, and these are: (i) effort, which was subcategorized into two subthemes (i.e. a claim to data reciprocity and other reciprocal advantages, and a claim to transparency on data re-use), (ii) compensation, which was subcategorized into two subthemes (i.e. a claim to an academic compensation and a claim to a financial compensation), and lastly, (iii) contribution, i.e. the significance of data contributions should be matched with a corresponding reward.; This qualitative study provides insights, which could inform policy-making on claims and incentives that encourage Swiss expert stakeholders to share their datasets. Importantly, several claims have been identified and justified under the basis of distributive justice principles, whilst some are more debatable and likely insufficient in justifying data sharing activities. Nonetheless, these claims should be taken seriously and discussed more broadly. Indeed, promoting health research while ensuring that healthcare systems guarantee better services, it is paramount to ensure that solutions developed are sustainable, provide fair criteria for academic careers and promote the sharing of high quality data to advance science.

ISSN/ISBN 1472-6963
Full Text on edoc
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1186/s12913-021-06906-2
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34551742
   

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14/06/2024