Data Entry: Please note that the research database will be replaced by UNIverse by the end of October 2023. Please enter your data into the system Thanks

Login for users with Unibas email account...

Login for registered users without Unibas email account...

Associations of growth impairment and body composition among South African school-aged children enrolled in the KaziAfya project
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4626505
Author(s) Long, Kurt Z.; Beckmann, Johanna; Lang, Christin; Seelig, Harald; Nqweniso, Siphesihle; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Müller, Ivan; Pühse, Uwe; Steinmann, Peter; du Randt, Rosa; Walter, Cheryl; Utzinger, Jürg; Gerber, Markus
Author(s) at UniBasel Beckmann, Johanna
Seelig, Harald
Müller, Ivan
Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Lang, Christin
Long, Kurt
Probst-Hensch, Nicole
Steinmann, Peter
Utzinger, Jürg
Year 2021
Title Associations of growth impairment and body composition among South African school-aged children enrolled in the KaziAfya project
Journal Nutrients
Volume 13
Number 8
Pages / Article-Number 2735
Keywords South Africa; body composition; fat mass; height; school-aged children; stunting
Mesh terms Adipose Tissue; African Continental Ancestry Group, statistics & numerical data; Body Composition; Body Height; Child; Electric Impedance; Female; Growth Disorders, epidemiology, physiopathology; Humans; Linear Models; Male; Nutritional Status; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Sex Factors; South Africa, epidemiology
Abstract (1) Background: Early childhood malnutrition may result in increased fat mass (FM) among school-aged children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We explored whether South African children with shorter stature have greater overall and abdominal FM compared to normal stature children. (2) Methods: Baseline assessments of body composition and weight were determined among school-aged children enrolled in a randomized controlled trial in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Multiple linear regression models tested associations of children's height and degree of stunting with FM, fat free mass (FFM), truncal fat mass (TrFM), and truncal fat free mass (TrFFM) overall and by sex. (3) Results: A total of 1287 children (619 girls, 668 boys) were assessed at baseline. Reduced child height was associated with higher FM and lower FFM and TrFFM, but these associations were reversed with increases in height. Girls classified as mildly or moderately/severely stunted had higher FM and TrFM but lower FFM and TrFFM, while no association was found for boys. (4) Conclusions: Our study suggests that efforts to reduce the non-communicable disease burden in LMICs should target growth-impaired children who may have greater overall FM and greater abdominal FM.
Publisher MDPI
ISSN/ISBN 2072-6643
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.3390/nu13082735
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000690135600001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

MCSS v5.8 PRO. 0.330 sec, queries - 0.000 sec ©Universität Basel  |  Impressum   |