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Impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on the adherence of stroke patients to direct oral anticoagulants: a secondary analysis from the MAAESTRO study
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4626498
Author(s) Dietrich, Fine; Polymeris, Alexandros A; Verbeek, Melina; Engelter, Stefan T; Hersberger, Kurt E; Schaedelin, Sabine; Arnet, Isabelle; Lyrer, Philippe A
Author(s) at UniBasel Arnet, Isabelle
Dietrich, Fine Michèle
Polymeris, Alexandros
Engelter, Stefan
Hersberger, Kurt
Schädelin, Sabine
Lyrer, Philippe A.
Year 2021
Title Impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on the adherence of stroke patients to direct oral anticoagulants: a secondary analysis from the MAAESTRO study
Journal J Neurol
Pages / Article-Number 1-7
Keywords COVID-19; Direct oral anticoagulation; Electronic monitoring; Ischaemic stroke; Medication adherence
Abstract

The negative impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on stroke care has been reported, but no data exist on the influence of the lockdown on medication adherence to antithrombotic treatment for stroke prevention. We present a comparison of electronic adherence data of stroke patients treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) prior to and during the COVID-19 lockdown in spring 2020 in Switzerland.; This is a secondary analysis using data from the ongoing MAAESTRO study, in which stroke patients with atrial fibrillation electronically monitor their adherence to DOAC treatment. Eligible patients for this analysis had at least four weeks of adherence data prior to and during the COVID-19 lockdown. Three adherence metrics (taking adherence, timing adherence, drug holidays) were calculated and compared descriptively.; The analysis included eight patients (median age 81.5 years, IQR 74.8-84.5). Five patients had a pre-lockdown taking adherence over 90% (mean 96.8% ± 2.9), with no change during lockdown, high timing adherence in both periods and no drug holidays. The remaining three patients had pre-lockdown taking and timing adherence below 90%. Of those, two patients showed a moderate decline either in taking or timing adherence compared to pre-lockdown. One showed a substantial increase in taking and timing adherence during lockdown (both + 25.8%).; Our data suggest that a major disruption of social life (i.e., the imposed COVID-19 lockdown) is unlikely to relevantly affect the medication intake behaviour of patients with high pre-established adherence, but might have an impact in patients with previously suboptimal adherence.; MAAESTRO: electronic Monitoring and improvement of Adherence to direct oral Anticoagulant treatment-a randomized crossover study of an Educational and reminder-based intervention in ischaemic STROke patients under polypharmacy, NCT03344146.

ISSN/ISBN 1432-1459
Full Text on edoc
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1007/s00415-021-10631-5
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34081196
   

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