Data Entry: Please note that the research database will be replaced by UNIverse by the end of October 2023. Please enter your data into the system https://universe-intern.unibas.ch. Thanks

Login for users with Unibas email account...

Login for registered users without Unibas email account...

 
Very preterm birth and cognitive control: The mediating roles of motor skills and physical fitness
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4622980
Author(s) Ludyga, Sebastian; Pühse, Uwe; Gerber, Markus; Mücke, Manuel; Lemola, Sakari; Mori, Andrea Capone; Brotzmann, Mark; Weber, Peter
Author(s) at UniBasel Ludyga, Sebastian
Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Year 2021
Title Very preterm birth and cognitive control: The mediating roles of motor skills and physical fitness
Journal Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Volume 49
Pages / Article-Number 100956
Keywords Children; Event-related potentials; N200; P300; Physical fitness
Abstract The neurophysiological mechanisms underlying executive function deficits in very preterm born children still remain unclear. Moreover, evidence on factors that can be modified by behavior and exert an influence on these deficits is lacking. The present case-control study examined the association between very preterm birth and neurophysiological indices of response inhibition (i.e. the N200-P300 complex) as well as the potential mediation of this association by aspects of physical fitness. 54 children born very preterm completed a submaximal cycling ergometer test and a motor skill test battery. Event-related potentials elicited by a Go/NoGo task were recorded using electroencephalography. Cases were then matched to full-term children (age: 11 ± 0.7 y). A higher error rate on NoGo trials was found in children born very preterm compared to those born full-term. Path-analyses further revealed that very preterm birth was associated with decreased NoGo P300 amplitude. Motor skills, but not aerobic fitness, fully mediated this association. In early adolescence, very preterm birth is associated with less effective recruitment of attentional resources for stimulus evaluation processes. The improvement of motor skills rather than cardiorespiratory fitness appears promising for reducing this specific impairment in cognitive control.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 1878-9293 ; 1878-9307
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/84145/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.dcn.2021.100956
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33894678
ISI-Number WOS:000658412200002
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

MCSS v5.8 PRO. 0.316 sec, queries - 0.000 sec ©Universität Basel  |  Impressum   |    
27/05/2024