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Associations Between Household Socioeconomic Status, Car Ownership, Physical Activity, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in South African Primary Schoolchildren Living in Marginalized Communities
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4622029
Author(s) Gerber, Markus; Lang, Christin; Beckmann, Johanna; Degen, Jan; du Randt, Rosa; Gall, Stefanie; Long, Kurt Z.; Müller, Ivan; Nienaber, Madeleine; Steinmann, Peter; Pühse, Uwe; Utzinger, Jürg; Nqweniso, Siphesihle; Walter, Cheryl
Author(s) at UniBasel Gerber, Markus
Beckmann, Johanna
Degen, Jan
Gall, Stefanie
Müller, Ivan
Steinmann, Peter
Pühse, Uwe
Utzinger, Jürg
Lang, Christin
Long, Kurt
Year 2021
Title Associations Between Household Socioeconomic Status, Car Ownership, Physical Activity, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in South African Primary Schoolchildren Living in Marginalized Communities
Journal Journal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume 18
Number 8
Pages / Article-Number 883-894
Keywords accelerometer; health inequality; household material goods; housing characteristics; wealth index
Mesh terms Accelerometry; Automobiles; Cardiorespiratory Fitness; Child; Exercise; Female; Humans; Male; Ownership; Physical Fitness; Social Class
Abstract Little is known whether physical activity (PA)-promoting environments are equally accessible to children with divergent socioeconomic status (SES) in low-/middle-income countries. The authors, therefore, examined whether South African children from poorer versus wealthier families living in marginalized communities differed in moderate to vigorous PA and cardiorespiratory fitness. We also tested associations between family car ownership and PA/cardiorespiratory fitness.; Parents/guardians of 908 children (49% girls, mean age = 8.3 [1.4] y) completed a survey on household SES. PA was assessed via 7-day accelerometry, parental and child self-reports, and cardiorespiratory fitness with the 20-m shuttle run test.; Based on accelerometry, most children met current moderate to vigorous PA recommendations (≥60 min/d). About 73% of the children did not engage in structured physical education lessons. Whereas children of the lowest SES quintile accumulated higher levels of device-based moderate to vigorous PA, peers from the highest SES quintile engaged in more sedentary behaviors, but self-reported higher engagement in sports, dance, and moving games after school. Families' car ownership was associated with higher parent/self-reported leisure-time PA.; A deeper understanding is needed about why wealthier children are more sedentary, but simultaneously engage in more leisure-time PA. The fact that access to structural physical education is denied to most children is critical and needs to be addressed.
Publisher Human Kinetics
ISSN/ISBN 1543-3080 ; 1543-5474
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/83925/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1123/jpah.2020-0839
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34172589
ISI-Number WOS:000678537400002
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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20/06/2024