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How are academic achievement and inhibitory control associated with physical fitness, soil-transmitted helminth infections, food insecurity and stunting among South African primary schoolchildren?
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4622026
Author(s) Gerber, Markus; Lang, Christin; Beckmann, Johanna; du Randt, Rosa; Gall, Stefanie; Seelig, Harald; Long, Kurt Z.; Ludyga, Sebastian; Müller, Ivan; Nienaber, Madeleine; Nqweniso, Siphesihle; Pühse, Uwe; Steinmann, Peter; Utzinger, Jürg; Walter, Cheryl
Author(s) at UniBasel Gerber, Markus
Beckmann, Johanna
Gall, Stefanie
Seelig, Harald
Ludyga, Sebastian
Müller, Ivan
Pühse, Uwe
Steinmann, Peter
Utzinger, Jürg
Long, Kurt
Lang, Christin
Year 2021
Title How are academic achievement and inhibitory control associated with physical fitness, soil-transmitted helminth infections, food insecurity and stunting among South African primary schoolchildren?
Journal BMC Public Health
Volume 21
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 852
Keywords Executive functions; Fitness; Food insecurity; Soil-transmitted helminths; Stunting
Mesh terms Academic Success; Adolescent; Animals; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Food Insecurity; Growth Disorders, epidemiology; Helminths; Humans; Male; Physical Fitness; Soil; South Africa, epidemiology
Abstract Cardiovascular fitness has been associated with both executive function and academic achievement in multiple cohort studies including children and adolescents. However, research is scarce among children from low- and middle-income countries. Hence, this paper focuses on South African primary schoolchildren living in marginalized areas and examines if academic achievement and inhibitory control can be explained by children's age, socioeconomic status, soil-transmitted helminth infections, food insecurity, stunting, grip strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness.; The sample of this cross-sectional study consisted of 1277 children (48% girls, mean age: 8.3 years). Data were assessed via questionnaires, stool samples, anthropometric measurements, 20 m shuttle run test, grip strength test, Flanker task, and school grades. Data were analysed with mixed linear regression models with random intercepts for school classes, separately for boys and girls.; Higher socioeconomic status was most closely associated with academic achievement among boys (p < 0.05), whereas higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and not being stunted explained most variance in academic achievement in girls (p < 0.05). Higher age turned out to be associated with better performance in the Flanker task (p < 0.01). Additionally, in boys, higher grip strength was associated with better information processing and inhibitory control of attention (p < 0.01), whereas in girls, higher cardiorespiratory fitness levels were positively associated with these cognitive abilities (p < 0.05).; Academic performance has been shown to be compromised in schoolchildren living in marginalised areas, compared to schoolchildren in less disadvantaged parts of South Africa. The present study suggests that cardiorespiratory fitness and grip strength are two potentially modifiable factors that are associated with children's academic achievement and cognitive performance, and that should be targeted in future school-based interventions.
Publisher BMC
ISSN/ISBN 1471-2458
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/83924/
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1186/s12889-021-10779-9
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33941121
ISI-Number WOS:000656145400004
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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20/06/2024