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Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Clustered Cardiovascular Risk in South African Primary Schoolchildren from Disadvantaged Communities: A Cross-Sectional Study
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4617866
Author(s) Nqweniso, Siphesihle; Walter, Cheryl; du Randt, Rosa; Adams, Larissa; Beckmann, Johanna; Degen, Jan; Gall, Stefanie; Joubert, Nandi; Lang, Christin; Long, Kurt Z.; Müller, Ivan; Nienaber, Madeleine; Pühse, Uwe; Seelig, Harald; Smith, Danielle; Steinmann, Peter; Utzinger, Jürg; Gerber, Markus
Author(s) at UniBasel Beckmann, Johanna
Degen, Jan
Gall, Stefanie
Joubert, Nandi
Müller, Ivan
Pühse, Uwe
Seelig, Harald
Gerber, Markus
Lang, Christin
Long, Kurt
Utzinger, Jürg
Steinmann, Peter
Year 2021
Title Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Clustered Cardiovascular Risk in South African Primary Schoolchildren from Disadvantaged Communities: A Cross-Sectional Study
Journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume 18
Number 4
Pages / Article-Number 2080
Keywords HbA1c; blood lipids; blood pressure; body fat; cardiovascular risk factors; cholesterol; physical activity; primary schoolchildren; triglycerides
Mesh terms Adult; Body Mass Index; Cardiorespiratory Fitness; Cardiovascular Diseases, epidemiology; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Exercise; Heart Disease Risk Factors; Humans; Physical Fitness; Risk Factors; Vulnerable Populations
Abstract The coexistence of multiple cardiovascular risk factors has been reported in school-aged children from the age of nine years, but most evidence stems from high-income countries. This cross-sectional study aimed at describing the cardiovascular health risk, physical activity (PA) behavior and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels of South African primary schoolchildren, and at examining the associations between PA/CRF and a composite measure of cardiovascular risk. Cross-sectional data from 832 primary schoolchildren (grade 1-4) were analyzed. Total cholesterol/HDL ratio, triglycerides, systolic/diastolic blood pressure, body fat, and glycated hemoglobin were assessed as cardiovascular risk markers. Data were analyzed via mixed linear regressions and analyses of covariance. Overall, 24.2% of the participants did not meet current PA standards. Higher CRF/PA were associated with lower body fat and lower clustered cardiovascular risk (; p; < 0.05). When categorizing children into CRF/PA quartiles, a lower clustered cardiovascular risk gradient was found in children with higher CRF (; p; < 0.05) or PA (; p; < 0.05). Our data shows that higher CRF/PA is associated with lower clustered cardiovascular risk already from a young age. Given that clustered cardiovascular risk present during childhood can track into adulthood, we advocate for PA participation and a healthy weight from a young age onwards.
Publisher MDPI
ISSN/ISBN 1661-7827 ; 1660-4601
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc7924629/
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/82385/
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.3390/ijerph18042080
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33669905
ISI-Number WOS:000623537700001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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