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Towards integrated surveillance-response systems for the prevention of future pandemics
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4616804
Author(s) Zinsstag, Jakob; Utzinger, Jürg; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Shan, Lv; Zhou, Xiao-Nong
Author(s) at UniBasel Zinsstag, Jakob
Utzinger, Jürg
Probst Hensch, Nicole
Year 2020
Title Towards integrated surveillance-response systems for the prevention of future pandemics
Journal Infectious diseases of poverty
Volume 9
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 140
Keywords Integrated surveillance-response; One health; Pandemics; Transdisciplinarity; Zoonoses
Mesh terms Animal Diseases, epidemiology, prevention & control, transmission; Animals; Betacoronavirus; COVID-19; Communicable Diseases, Emerging, epidemiology, prevention & control, transmission; Coronavirus Infections, epidemiology, prevention & control, transmission; Disease Reservoirs, veterinary, virology; Epidemiological Monitoring, veterinary; Humans; Italy, epidemiology; One Health; Pandemics, economics, prevention & control; Pneumonia, Viral, epidemiology, prevention & control, transmission; SARS-CoV-2; Zoonoses, epidemiology, prevention & control, transmission
Abstract Most human pathogens originate from non-human hosts and certain pathogens persist in animal reservoirs. The transmission of such pathogens to humans may lead to self-sustaining chains of transmission. These pathogens represent the highest risk for future pandemics. For their prevention, the transmission over the species barrier - although rare - should, by all means, be avoided. In the current COVID-19 pandemic, surprisingly though, most of the current research concentrates on the control by drugs and vaccines, while comparatively little scientific inquiry focuses on future prevention. Already in 2012, the World Bank recommended to engage in a systemic One Health approach for zoonoses control, considering integrated surveillance-response and control of human and animal diseases for primarily economic reasons. First examples, like integrated West Nile virus surveillance in mosquitos, wild birds, horses and humans in Italy show evidence of financial savings from a closer cooperation of human and animal health sectors. Provided a zoonotic origin can be ascertained for the COVID-19 pandemic, integrated wildlife, domestic animal and humans disease surveillance-response may contribute to prevent future outbreaks. In conclusion, the earlier a zoonotic pathogen can be detected in the environment, in wildlife or in domestic animals; and the better human, animal and environmental surveillance communicate with each other to prevent an outbreak, the lower are the cumulative costs.
ISSN/ISBN 2049-9957
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/82050/
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1186/s40249-020-00757-5
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33028426
ISI-Number WOS:000578581400003
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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