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Association of Exercise with Inhibitory Control and Prefrontal Brain Activity Under Acute Psychosocial Stress
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4606266
Author(s) Mücke, Manuel; Ludyga, Sebastian; Colledge, Flora; Pühse, Uwe; Gerber, Markus
Author(s) at UniBasel Hanke, Manuel
Ludyga, Sebastian
Colledge, Flora
Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Year 2020
Title Association of Exercise with Inhibitory Control and Prefrontal Brain Activity Under Acute Psychosocial Stress
Journal Brain Sciences
Volume 10
Number 7
Pages / Article-Number 439
Keywords Stroop interference; brain oxygenation; executive function; fNIRS; psychological stress; sport
Abstract Psychosocial stress has negative effects on cognition in adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate whether physical exercise can buffer such effects on inhibitory control and associated cortical brain areas. Forty-two male high school students aged 16-20 years and with either low or high exercise levels performed a Stroop task under stress-free conditions and after the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Oxygenation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was measured with functional near-infrared spectroscopy. For inhibitory control, there was no significant primary effect of condition (; F; (1,40) = 1.09,; p; = 303.,; ηp²; = 0.027) and no significant condition × group interaction (; F; (1,40) = 2.40,; p; = 0.129,; ηp²; = 0.057). For DLPFC oxygenation, a significant primary effect of condition was observed (; F; (1,38) = 6.10,; p; = 0.018,; ηp²; = 0.138). However, the condition × group interaction (; F; (1,38) = 0.05,; p; = 0.823,; ηp²; = 0.001) remained not significant. Adolescents' exercise level was not associated with inhibitory control before and after stress. An impact of stress on a neurocognitive level was observed.
Publisher MDPI
ISSN/ISBN 2076-3425
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc7408469/
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/79270/
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.3390/brainsci10070439
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32664420
ISI-Number WOS:000557241500001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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