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Stress-buffering effects of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness on metabolic syndrome: A prospective study in police officers
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4600616
Author(s) Schilling, René; Colledge, Flora; Pühse, Uwe; Gerber, Markus
Author(s) at UniBasel Schilling, René
Colledge, Flora
Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Year 2020
Title Stress-buffering effects of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness on metabolic syndrome: A prospective study in police officers
Journal PLOS ONE
Volume 15
Number 7
Pages / Article-Number e0236526
Keywords buffer, cardiorespiratory fitness, metabolic syndrome, physical activity, work stress
Abstract Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a worldwide health concern related to cardiovascular disease. Stress at work increases the risk for MetS, whereas physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness (CF) have been shown to be potential buffers against stress. The aim of this study was to test the stress-buffering effects of physical activity and CF on the relationship between work stress and MetS. In a prospective study, we followed 97 police officers (mean age = 39.7 years; mean body mass index = 25.74 kg/m2) over one year and assessed MetS, as defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. Stress at work was measured with the Job Content Questionnaire, as well as the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire. Physical activity was assessed objectively via 7-day accelerometry. CF was assessed with the Astrand bicycle ergometer test. Hierarchical linear regression models were carried out to predict MetS at follow-up (mean overall MetS score = 1.22), after controlling for baseline levels and sociodemographic background (mean overall MetS score = 1.19). Higher CF levels were significantly associated with lower MetS risk at follow-up ( β = -.38). By contrast, no main effects were found for physical activity and work stress. However, high effort and demand were significantly correlated with increased blood pressure (effort: r = .23 for systolic blood pressure; r = .21 for diastolic blood pressure) and waist circumference (effort: r = .26; demand: r = .23). Moreover, no significant interaction effects occurred between work stress and CF/physical activity. The results emphasize the importance of high levels of CF in the prevention of MetS in police officers. Accordingly, provision of regular training opportunities and repeated CF testing should be considered as a strategy in overall corporate health promotion.
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/77858/
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0236526
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32670116
ISI-Number MEDLINE:32722703
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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