Ethnolinguistic Diversity and Urban Agglomeration
Project funded by own resources
Project title Ethnolinguistic Diversity and Urban Agglomeration
Principal Investigator(s) Schmidheiny, Kurt
Co-Investigator(s) Eberle, Ulrich
Henderson, J. Vernon
Rohner, Dominic
Organisation / Research unit Departement Wirtschaftswissenschaften / Angewandte Ökonometrie (Schmidheiny)
Project start 27.10.2016
Probable end 30.06.2020
Status Completed
Abstract

We study whether higher ethnolinguistic diversity is associated with a greater risk of social tensions and conflict, which, in turn, is a dispersion force lowering urbanization and the incentives to move to big cities. We construct a worldwide dataset at a fine-grained level on urban settlement patterns and ethnolinguistic population composition. For 3,540 provinces of 170 countries, we find that increased ethnolinguistic fractionalization and polarization are associated with lower urbanization and an increased role for secondary cities relative to the primate city of a province. These striking associations are quantitatively important and robust to various changes in variables and specifications. We find that democratic institutions affect the impact of ethnolinguistic diversity on urbanization patterns.

Keywords ethnolinguistic diversity, fractionalization, polarization, urbanization, urban agglomeration, primacy, conflict, democracy
Financed by University funds

Published results ()

  ID Autor(en) Titel ISSN / ISBN Erschienen in Art der Publikation
4599005  Eberle, Ulrich J.; Henderson, J. Vernon; Rohner, Dominic; Schmidheiny, Kurt  Ethnolinguistic Diversity and Urban Agglomeration  0027-8424 ; 1091-6490  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  Publication: JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift) 
   

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12/08/2020