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Physical activity interventions can improve emotion regulation and dimensions of empathy in persons with multiple sclerosis: An exploratory study
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4597853
Author(s) Sadeghi Bahmani, Dena; Razazian, Nazanin; Motl, Robert W.; Farnia, Vahid; Alikhani, Mostafa; Pühse, Uwe; Gerber, Markus; Brand, Serge
Author(s) at UniBasel Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Brand, Serge
Year 2020
Title Physical activity interventions can improve emotion regulation and dimensions of empathy in persons with multiple sclerosis: An exploratory study
Journal Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
Volume 37
Pages / Article-Number 101380
Keywords Active control condition; Emotion regulation; Empathy; Exercise training; Social cognition
Mesh terms Adult; Depression, psychology; Emotional Regulation, physiology; Emotions, physiology; Empathy, physiology; Exercise, psychology; Exercise Therapy; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Multiple Sclerosis, therapy; Social Behavior; Young Adult
Abstract Persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) report difficulties with emotion regulation and empathy. Regular physical activity (RPA) improves dimensions of psychological well-being in PwMS, but it remains unclear if regular physical activity has effects on emotion regulation and empathy. The present study investigated the effect of regular physical activity on emotion regulation and empathy, and explored, if endurance training or coordinative training are better than an active control condition.; 92 female PwMS (mean age: 37.4 years; age range: 20-57 years; mean EDSS: 2.43) took part in this study. Participants were randomly assigned into endurance training, coordinative training, or active control conditions that all lasted 8 weeks and were yoked on frequency, duration, and social contact. Participants completed questionnaires on emotion regulation, empathy, depression and fatigue before and after the 8-week conditions.; Regulation and control of emotions and empathy improved over time, but more so in the exercising groups, compared to the active control group. No changes over time and between groups were observed for perception and acknowledgement of emotions, emotional expressivity, and empathy, as measured with Reading in the Eyes test. These changes were not influenced by control for depression and fatigue as covariates.; Both endurance and coordinative exercise training had favorable effects on some aspects of emotion regulation and social cognition such as empathy in PwMS. Such initial results support for examination of exercise training for the treatment of issues of emotion regulation and social interactions in PwMS.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 2211-0356 ; 2211-0348
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.msard.2019.101380
PubMed ID
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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