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Psychometric properties of the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM) among adolescents: results from three cross-sectional studies
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4597835
Author(s) Gerber, Markus; Colledge, Flora; MŘcke, Manuel; Schilling, RenÚ; Brand, Serge; Ludyga, Sebastian
Author(s) at UniBasel Brand, Serge
Gerber, Markus
Schilling, RenÚ
Colledge, Flora
Ludyga, Sebastian
Hanke, Manuel
Year 2018
Title Psychometric properties of the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM) among adolescents: results from three cross-sectional studies
Journal BMC psychiatry
Volume 18
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 266
Keywords Burnout; Measurement invariance; Mental wellbeing; Stress; Validity
Mesh terms Adaptation, Psychological; Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior, psychology; Burnout, Psychological, diagnosis; Cross-Sectional Studies; Factor Analysis, Statistical; Female; Humans; Male; Psychometrics, statistics & numerical data; Reproducibility of Results; Students, psychology; Surveys and Questionnaires, standards
Abstract Burnout has long been understood as work-related physical, emotional, and cognitive exhaustion. However, burnout symptoms can also be found among younger people, including school-aged adolescents. While the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM) is a widely applied instrument, its psychometric properties have not yet been investigated in adolescent populations. We therefore examined the psychometric properties of the SMBM in three independent samples of adolescents.; In total, 249 high school students, 144 vocational students, and 257 adolescent elite athletes completed the SMBM, along with questionnaires related to perceived stress, depressive symptoms, and life satisfaction. Descriptive statistics, gender differences, and internal consistency, convergent/discriminant validity, and factorial validity (including measurement invariance across genders) were examined in each sample.; The SMBM had adequate internal consistency. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that both a first- and second-order model achieve good model fit. Moreover, evidence for sufficient convergent and discriminant validity was found. Finally, in two of the three samples, female adolescents reported higher SMBM scores.; The SMBM has been widely used in international burnout research. However, this is the first study providing empirical evidence that the SMBM has acceptable psychometric properties and satisfactory convergent/discriminant and factorial validity among young people. The SMBM is a concise and economic tool to assess self-rated symptoms of burnout, and presents a valuable alternative to existing school burnout inventories. In particular, the SMBM can facilitate the investigation of the transition of young people from school to working life.
Publisher BioMed Central
ISSN/ISBN 1471-244X
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1186/s12888-018-1841-5
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000442781400001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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