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Does Cardiorespiratory Fitness Moderate the Association between Occupational Stress, Cardiovascular Risk, and Mental Health in Police Officers?
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4597807
Author(s) Schilling, René; Colledge, Flora; Ludyga, Sebastian; Pühse, Uwe; Brand, Serge; Gerber, Markus
Author(s) at UniBasel Brand, Serge
Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Schilling, René
Colledge, Flora
Ludyga, Sebastian
Year 2019
Title Does Cardiorespiratory Fitness Moderate the Association between Occupational Stress, Cardiovascular Risk, and Mental Health in Police Officers?
Journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume 16
Number 13
Pages / Article-Number 2349
Keywords cardiorespiratory fitness; cardiovascular health; mental health; police officers; psychosocial stress
Mesh terms Adult; Blood Pressure; Cardiorespiratory Fitness; Cardiovascular Diseases, epidemiology, psychology; Female; Humans; Male; Mental Health; Middle Aged; Occupational Stress, psychology; Police, psychology; Reward; Risk Factors
Abstract Background:; Chronic exposure to occupational stress may lead to negative health consequences. Creating less stressful work environments and making employees physically and psychologically more resilient against stress are therefore two major public health concerns. This study examined whether cardiorespiratory fitness moderated the association between occupational stress, cardiovascular risk, and mental health.; Methods:; Stress was assessed via the Effort-Reward Imbalance and Job Demand-Control models in 201 police officers (36% women, Mage = 38.6 years). Higher levels of blood pressure, blood lipids, blood sugar, and unfavorable body composition were considered as cardiovascular risk factors. Burnout, insomnia and overall psychological distress were used as mental health indicators. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed with a submaximal bicycle test.; Results:; High cardiorespiratory fitness levels were associated with a reduced cardiometabolic risk, whereas high stress levels were associated with better mental health. Among participants who perceived a high Effort-Reward Imbalance, those with high fitness levels showed lower overall cardiovascular risk scores than their colleagues with low fitness levels.; Conclusions:; Work health programs for police officers should consider the early screening of burnout, sleep disturbances, and overall mental wellbeing. To increase cardiovascular health, including fitness tests in routine health checks and promoting physical activity to further increase cardiorespiratory fitness appears worthwhile.
Publisher MDPI
ISSN/ISBN 1661-7827 ; 1660-4601
Full Text on edoc Available
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.3390/ijerph16132349
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000477037900094
Document type (ISI) Article

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