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Comparing the lung cancer burden of ambient particulate matter using scenarios of air quality standards versus acceptable risk levels
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4596445
Author(s) Castro, Alberto; Götschi, Thomas; Achermann, Beat; Baltensperger, Urs; Buchmann, Brigitte; Felber Dietrich, Denise; Flückiger, Alexandre; Geiser, Marianne; Gälli Purghart, Brigitte; Gygax, Hans; Kutlar Joss, Meltem; Lüthi, Lara Milena; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Strähl, Peter; Künzli, Nino
Author(s) at UniBasel Kutlar Joss, Meltem
Probst Hensch, Nicole
Künzli, Esther
Year 2020
Title Comparing the lung cancer burden of ambient particulate matter using scenarios of air quality standards versus acceptable risk levels
Journal International journal of public health
Volume 65
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 139-148
Keywords Air pollution; Carcinogens; Epidemiology; Health impact assessment; Lung cancer; Particulate matter; Toxicology
Abstract Ambient particulate matter (PM) is regulated with science-based air quality standards, whereas carcinogens are regulated with a number of "acceptable" cases. Given that PM is also carcinogenic, we identify differences between approaches.; We assessed the lung cancer deaths for Switzerland attributable to exposure to PM up to 10 µm (PM; 10; ) and to five particle-bound carcinogens. For PM; 10; , we used an epidemiological approach based on relative risks with four exposure scenarios compared to two counterfactual concentrations. For carcinogens, we used a toxicological approach based on unit risks with four exposure scenarios.; The lung cancer burden using concentrations from 2010 was 10-14 times larger for PM; 10; than for the five carcinogens. However, the burden depends on the underlying exposure scenarios, counterfactual concentrations and number of carcinogens. All scenarios of the toxicological approach for five carcinogens result in a lower burden than the epidemiological approach for PM; 10; .; Air quality standards-promoted so far by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines-provide a more appealing framework to guide health risk-oriented clean air policymaking than frameworks based on a number of "acceptable" cases.
Publisher Birkhäuser
ISSN/ISBN 1661-8556
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1007/s00038-019-01324-y
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000516507600001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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