Aspects of functioning and environmental factors in medical work capacity evaluations of persons with chronic widespread pain and low back pain can be represented by a combination of applicable ICF Core Sets.
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4525329
Author(s) Schwegler, Urban; Anner, Jessica; Boldt, Christine; Glässel, Andrea; Lay, Veronika; De Boer, Wout Ernst Lodewijk; Stucki, Gerold; Trezzini, Bruno
Author(s) at UniBasel Kunz, Regina
Year 2012
Title Aspects of functioning and environmental factors in medical work capacity evaluations of persons with chronic widespread pain and low back pain can be represented by a combination of applicable ICF Core Sets.
Journal BMC public health
Volume 12
Pages / Article-Number 1088
Mesh terms Activities of Daily Living, classification; Chronic Pain, diagnosis; Environment; Humans; International Classification of Diseases; Low Back Pain, diagnosis; Medical Records, statistics & numerical data; Qualitative Research; Work Capacity Evaluation
Abstract

Medical work capacity evaluations play a key role in social security schemes because they usually form the basis for eligibility decisions regarding disability benefits. However, the evaluations are often poorly standardized and lack transparency as decisions on work capacity are based on a claimant's disease rather than on his or her functional capacity. A comprehensive and consistent illustration of a claimant's lived experience in relation to functioning, applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the ICF Core Sets (ICF-CS), potentially enhances transparency and standardization of work capacity evaluations. In our study we wanted to establish whether and how the relevant content of work capacity evaluations can be captured by ICF-CS, using disability claimants with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and low back pain (LBP) as examples.; Mixed methods study, involving a qualitative and quantitative content analysis of medical reports. The ICF was used for data coding. The coded categories were ranked according to the percentage of reports in which they were addressed. Relevance thresholds at 25% and 50% were applied. To determine the extent to which the categories above the thresholds are represented by applicable ICF-CS or combinations thereof, measures of the ICF-CS' degree of coverage (i.e. content validity) and efficiency (i.e. practicability) were defined.; Focusing on the 25% threshold and combining the Brief ICF-CS for CWP, LBP and depression for CWP reports, the coverage ratio reached 49% and the efficiency ratio 70%. Combining the Brief ICF-CS for LBP, CWP and obesity for LBP reports led to a coverage of 47% and an efficiency of 78%.; The relevant content of work capacity evaluations involving CWP and LBP can be represented by a combination of applicable ICF-CS. A suitable standard for documenting such evaluations could consist of the Brief ICF-CS for CWP, LBP, and depression or obesity, augmented by additional ICF categories relevant for this particular context. In addition, the unique individual experiences of claimants have to be considered in order to assess work capacity comprehensively.

ISSN/ISBN 1471-2458
Full Text on edoc
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-12-1088
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23249190
   

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