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The deterrent effect of an anti-minaret vote on foreigners' location choices
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4522267
Author(s) Slotwinski, Michaela; Stutzer, Alois
Author(s) at UniBasel Stutzer, Alois
Slotwinski, Michaela
Year 2019
Title The deterrent effect of an anti-minaret vote on foreigners' location choices
Journal Journal of Population Economics
Volume 32
Number 3
Pages / Article-Number 1043-1095
Abstract In a national ballot in 2009, Swiss citizens surprisingly approved an amendment to the Swiss constitution to ban the further construction of minarets. The ballot outcome manifested reservations and anti-immigrant attitudes in regions of Switzerland which had previously been hidden. We exploit this fact as a natural experiment to identify the causal effect of negative attitudes towards immigrants on foreigners` location choices and thus indirectly on their utility. Based on a regression discontinuity design with unknown discontinuity points and administrative data on the population of foreigners, we find that the probability of their moving to a municipality which unexpectedly expressed stronger reservations decreases initially by about 40%. The effect is accompanied by a drop of housing prices in these municipalities and levels off over a period of about 5 months. Moreover, foreigners in high-skill occupations react relatively more strongly highlighting a tension when countries try to attract well-educated professionals from abroad.
Publisher Springer
ISSN/ISBN 0933-1433 ; 1432-1475
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/73439/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1007/s00148-019-00729-6
ISI-Number WOS:000465298600010
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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19/04/2024