Antioxidant Nanoreactor Based on Superoxide Dismutase Encapsulated in Superoxide-Permeable Vesicles
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4515707
Author(s) Axthelm, Fabian; Casse, Olivier; Koppenol, Willem H.; Nauser, Thomas; Meier, Wolfgang; Palivan, Cornelia G.
Author(s) at UniBasel Meier, Wolfgang P.
Year 2008
Title Antioxidant Nanoreactor Based on Superoxide Dismutase Encapsulated in Superoxide-Permeable Vesicles
Journal Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume 112
Number 28
Pages / Article-Number 8211-7
Mesh terms Antioxidants, chemistry; Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy; Microscopy, Electron, Transmission; Nanostructures, chemistry; Polymers, chemistry; Superoxide Dismutase, ultrastructure; Superoxides, metabolism
Abstract We designed and tested an antioxidant nanoreactor based on encapsulation of Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase in amphiphilic copolymer nanovesicles, the membranes of which are oxygen permeable. The nanovesicles, made of poly(2-methyloxazoline)âˆ'poly(dimethylsiloxane)âˆ'poly(2-methyloxazoline), successfully encapsulated the protein during their self-assembling process, as proved by confocal laser-scanning microscopy and fluorescence-correlation spectroscopy. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and circular dichroism analyses showed that no structural changes appeared in the protein molecules once inside the inner space of the nanovesicles. The function of this antioxidant nanoreactor was tested by pulse radiolysis, which demonstrated that superoxide dismutase remains active inside the nanovesicles and detoxifies the superoxide radical in situ. The membrane of our triblock copolymer nanovesicles plays a double role, both to shield the sensitive protein and to selectively let superoxide and dioxygen penetrate to its inner space. This simple and robust hybrid system provides a selective shielding of sensitive enzymes from proteolytic attack and therefore a new direction for developing drug delivery applications.
Publisher American Chemical Society
ISSN/ISBN 1520-6106 ; 1520-5207
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1021/jp803032w
PubMed ID
ISI-Number 000257542500001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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