Anthranilic acid derivatives as nuclear receptor modulators--development of novel PPAR selective and dual PPAR/FXR ligands
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4501196
Author(s) Merk, Daniel; Lamers, Christina; Weber, Julia; Flesch, Daniel; Gabler, Matthias; Proschak, Ewgenij; Schubert-Zsilavecz, Manfred
Author(s) at UniBasel Lamers, Christina
Year 2015
Title Anthranilic acid derivatives as nuclear receptor modulators--development of novel PPAR selective and dual PPAR/FXR ligands
Journal Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
Volume 23
Number 3
Pages / Article-Number 499-514
Mesh terms Animals; COS Cells; Cercopithecus aethiops; Ligands; Lipid Metabolism, drug effects; Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors, agonists, chemistry; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear, agonists, chemistry; Structure-Activity Relationship; ortho-Aminobenzoates, chemistry, pharmacology
Abstract Nuclear receptors, especially the peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) and the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) fulfill crucial roles in metabolic balance. Their activation offers valuable therapeutic potential which has high clinical relevance with the fibrates and glitazones as PPAR agonistic drugs. With growing knowledge about the various functions of nuclear receptors in many disorders, new selective or dual ligands of these pharmaceutical targets are however still required. Here we report the class of anthranilic acid derivatives as novel selective PPAR or dual FXR/PPAR ligands. We identified distinct molecular determinants that govern selectivity for each PPAR subtype or FXR as well as the amplitude of activation of the respective receptors. We thereby discovered several lead compounds for further optimization and developed a highly potent dual PPARα/FXR partial agonist that might have a beneficial synergistic effect on lipid homeostasis by simultaneous activation of two nuclear receptors involved in lipid metabolism.
ISSN/ISBN 1464-3391
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/70323/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.bmc.2014.12.013
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25583100
 
   

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