Which Cut-offs for Secondary V'O2max Criteria Are Robust to Diurnal Variations?
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4500022
Author(s) Knaier, Raphael; Niemeyer, Max; Wagner, Jonathan; Infanger, Denis; Hinrichs, Timo; Klenk, Christopher; Frutig, Sabrina; Cajochen, Christian; Schmidt-Trucksäss, Arno
Author(s) at UniBasel Hinrichs, Timo
Knaier, Raphael
Wagner, Jonathan
Year 2019
Title Which Cut-offs for Secondary V'O2max Criteria Are Robust to Diurnal Variations?
Journal Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume 51
Number 5
Pages / Article-Number 1006-1013
Mesh terms Adolescent; Adult; Athletes; Exercise Test; Female; Heart Rate; Humans; Lactic Acid, blood; Male; Oxygen Consumption; Periodicity; Reference Values; Young Adult
Abstract The aim was to determine the minimum secondary exhaustion criteria cut-offs (i.e. max respiratory exchange ratio [RERmax], max heart rate [HRmax], max rating of perceived exertion [RPEmax], and max blood lactate concentration [BLmax]) necessary to determine maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) during cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET), by balancing type I and type II errors. A further aim was to investigate if the defined cut-offs would be robust to diurnal and to day-to-day variations.; Data from two CPET studies involving young athletes were analyzed. In the first study, 70 male participants performed one CPET until exhaustion to define cut-offs. In the second study, eight males and five females performed one CPET on seven consecutive days at six different times of day (i.e., diurnal variation). The time of the CPET was identical on the sixth and seventh days (i.e., day-to-day variation). To ensure comparability both studies were carried out under the same conditions.; Participants' mean VO2max was 63.0 ± 5.3 ml/kg/min. RERmax ≥ 1.10 was reached by 100%, HRmax ≥ 95% of age predicted maximum heart rate by 99%, RPEmax ≥ 19 by 100%, and BLmax ≥ 8 mmol/l by 100% of participants, respectively. Regarding the intra-day variations, latter cut-offs were not reached in two cases for RERmax and in one case for HRmax and BLmax. Intraclass correlations for the day-to-day variability were r = 0.823 for RERmax, r = 0.828 for HRmax, and r = 0.380 for BLmax, respectively.; High cut-off values for secondary exhaustion criteria need to be used to determine VO2max in athletes.
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN/ISBN 0195-9131 ; 1530-0315
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/72460/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001869
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30550515
ISI-Number WOS:000465009400020
Document type (ISI) Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial

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