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Usefulness of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) as a screening tool for the detection of clinically relevant burnout symptoms among young elite athletes
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4486669
Author(s) Gerber, Markus; Gustafsson, Henrik; Seelig, Harald; Kellmann, Michael; Ludyga, Sebastian; Colledge, Flora; Brand, Serge; Isoard-Gautheur, Sandrine; Bianchi, Renzo
Author(s) at UniBasel Seelig, Harald
Gerber, Markus
Ludyga, Sebastian
Colledge, Flora
Brand, Serge
Year 2018
Title Usefulness of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) as a screening tool for the detection of clinically relevant burnout symptoms among young elite athletes
Journal Psychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume 39
Pages / Article-Number 104-113
Abstract Objectives: Having psychometrically sound instruments is essential to the understanding of the determinants and consequences of athlete burnout. Therefore, this study examines the psychometric properties of a German version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) and its usefulness as a screening tool for the detection of clinically relevant burnout symptoms. Design: Prospective study. Method: 257 young elite athletes were recruited from Swiss Olympic Sport Classes (37% females; M = 16.8 years, SD = 1.4). 197 students were assessed a second time after six months. All students filled in a standardized questionnaire about domain-specific and domain-unspecific burnout symptoms, depressive symptoms, stress, and life satisfaction. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three-factor structure of the ABQ. Moreover, all subscales had acceptable internal consistency. Support was also found for the convergent validity of the ABQ; all subscales were positively correlated with perceived stress, burnout and depression, whereas negative correlations existed with life satisfaction. By contrast, some ABQ subscales shared only limited variance, the three ABQ subscales did not predict each other across time, and none of the ABQ subscales was suitable for the screening of clinically relevant burnout symptoms. Conclusions: While the factor structure and internal consistency of the ABQ was supported, our study corroborates previous concerns about the psychometric properties and validity of the ABQ. While the ABQ has advanced research on athlete burnout, we hold that further debates about the most suitable way to assess burnout among elite athletes are urgently needed.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 1469-0292 ; 1878-5476
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/66255/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.08.005
ISI-Number WOS:000448093200013
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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