Antiprotozoal and cysteine proteases inhibitory activity of dipeptidyl enoates
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
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A family of dipeptidyl enoates has been prepared and tested against the parasitic cysteine proteases rhodesain, cruzain and falcipain-2 related to sleeping sickness, Chagas disease and malaria, respectively. They have also been tested against human cathepsins B and L1 for selectivity. Dipeptidyl enoates resulted to be irreversible inhibitors of these enzymes. Some of the members of the family are very potent inhibitors of parasitic cysteine proteases displaying k; 2nd; (M; -1; s; -1; ) values of seven orders of magnitude. In vivo antiprotozoal testing was also performed. Inhibitors exhibited IC; 50; values in the micromolar range against Plasmodium falciparum, Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi and even more promising lower values against Leishmania donovanii.