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Soils rich in biological ice-nucleating particles abound in ice-nucleating macromolecules likely produced by fungi
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4483633
Author(s) Conen, Franz; Yakutin, Mikhail V.
Author(s) at UniBasel Conen, Franz
Year 2018
Title Soils rich in biological ice-nucleating particles abound in ice-nucleating macromolecules likely produced by fungi
Journal BIOGEOSCIENCES
Volume 15
Number 14
Pages / Article-Number 4381-4385
Abstract Soil organic matter carries ice-nucleating particles (INPs) the origin of which is hard to define and that are active at slight supercooling. The discovery and characterization of INPs produced by the widespread soil fungus Mortierella alpina permits a more targeted investigation of the likely origin of INPs in soils. We searched for INPs with characteristics similar to those reported for M. alpina in 20 soil samples from four areas in the northern midlatitudes and one area in the tropics. In the 15 samples where we could detect such INPs, they constituted between 1 and 94% (median 11 %) of all INPs active at - 10 degrees C or warmer (INP 10) associated with soil particles < 5 mu m. Their concentration increased overproportionately with the concentration of INP 10 in soil and seems to be greater in colder climates. Large regional differences and prevalently high concentrations allow us to make inferences regarding their potential role in the atmosphere and the soil.
Publisher COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
ISSN/ISBN 1726-4170
URL https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-4381-2018
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/65273/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.5194/bg-15-4381-2018
ISI-Number 000439237000001
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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