Are overweight and obesity in children risk factors for anemia in early childhood? Results from a national nutrition survey in Tajikistan
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4480898
Author(s) Crivelli, Marita; Wyss, Kaspar; Grize, Leticia; Matthys, Barbara; Aebi, Thomas; Zemp, Elisabeth
Author(s) at UniBasel Crivelli, Marita
Wyss, Kaspar
Grize, Leticia
Matthys, Barbara
Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth
Year 2018
Title Are overweight and obesity in children risk factors for anemia in early childhood? Results from a national nutrition survey in Tajikistan
Journal International journal of public health
Volume 63
Number 4
Pages / Article-Number 491-499
Abstract To assess the association between overweight/obesity and anemia in early childhood in Tajikistan.; Using a two-stage-cluster sampling, a representative sample of 1342 children (48.7% girls) aged 25-60 months was included in a nationwide survey in Tajikistan in 2009. Weight status was defined by age- and gender-specific body mass index, anemia by hemoglobin < 11 g/dl, according to WHO cut-off values for children, adjusted for altitude. Gender-stratified association of anemia and overweight/obesity was estimated by mixed models, controlling for age, parental education, and location type and region.; In the study population, the prevalence of anemia was 20.0%, overweight 13.0%, and obesity 9.5%. In multivariable analyses, obesity and overweight were not associated with anemia. Lower age and living in the remote region of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast were associated with a higher prevalence of anemia.; In Tajikistan, anemia is at a moderate level, affecting every fifth child aged 25-60 months. Around every fifth child is overweight or obese. Interventions should focus on preventing anemia and overweight/obesity.
Publisher Birkhäuser
ISSN/ISBN 1661-8556
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/64762/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1007/s00038-018-1088-4
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29556670
ISI-Number WOS:000431661500008
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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