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Acute effects of moderate aerobic exercise on specific aspects of executive function in different age and fitness groups: A meta-analysis
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4421532
Author(s) Ludyga, Sebastian; Gerber, Markus; Brand, Serge; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith; Pühse, Uwe
Author(s) at UniBasel Gerber, Markus
Ludyga, Sebastian
Brand, Serge
Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Pühse, Uwe
Year 2016
Title Acute effects of moderate aerobic exercise on specific aspects of executive function in different age and fitness groups: A meta-analysis
Journal Psychophysiology
Volume 53
Number 11
Pages / Article-Number 1611-1626
Mesh terms Adolescent; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Body Mass Index; Child; Executive Function; Exercise; Female; Health Status; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Physical Fitness; Reaction Time; Young Adult
Abstract Whereas a wealth of studies have investigated acute effects of moderate aerobic exercise on executive function, the roles of age, fitness, and the component of executive function in this relationship still remain unclear. Therefore, the present meta-analysis investigates exercise-induced benefits on specific aspects of executive function in different age and aerobic fitness subgroups. Based on data from 40 experimental studies, a small effect of aerobic exercise on time-dependent measures (g = .35) and accuracy (g = .22) in executive function tasks was confirmed. The results further suggest that preadolescent children (g = .54) and older adults (g = .67) compared to other age groups benefit more from aerobic exercise when reaction time is considered as dependent variable. In contrast to age, aerobic fitness and the executive function component had no influence on the obtained effect sizes. Consequently, high aerobic fitness is no prerequisite for temporary improvements of the executive control system, and low- as well as high-fit individuals seem to benefit from exercise in a similar way. However, a higher sensitivity of executive function to acute aerobic exercise was found in individuals undergoing developmental changes. Therefore, preadolescent children and older adults in particular might strategically use a single aerobic exercise session to prepare for a situation demanding high executive control.
Publisher Wiley
ISSN/ISBN 0048-5772 ; 1469-8986
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/62658/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1111/psyp.12736
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27556572
ISI-Number WOS:000385744000001
Document type (ISI) Journal Article, Review
 
   

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