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Adolescents with high mental toughness adapt better to perceived stress: A longitudinal study with Swiss vocational students
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4392517
Author(s) Gerber, Markus; Brand, Serge; Feldmeth, Anne Karina; Lang, Christin; Elliot, Catherine; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith; Pühse, Uwe
Author(s) at UniBasel Gerber, Markus
Brand, Serge
Feldmeth, Anne Karina
Elliot, Catherine
Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Pühse, Uwe
Year 2013
Title Adolescents with high mental toughness adapt better to perceived stress: A longitudinal study with Swiss vocational students
Journal Personality and Individual Differences
Volume 54
Number 7
Pages / Article-Number 808-814
Abstract A mindset of mental toughness enables an individual to cope successfully with the pressures and demands of life. This 10-month study prospectively examined the association between mental toughness and stress resilience in 865 students (M = 17.86 years, 42.7% girls) from two vocational schools. Within each school, separate cluster analyses identified groups with different profiles of risk (assessed with perceived stress) and adaptation (operationalized with depressive symptoms and life satisfaction). Four clusters emerged characterizing students with well-adjusted (low risk, good adaptation), maladjusted (elevated risk, bad adaptation), deteriorated (low initial risk, worsening adaptation) and resilient profiles (elevated initial risk, improving adaptation). The latter two clusters reported similar levels of mental toughness at baseline, but resilient adolescents scored significantly higher on mental toughness at follow-up. After controlling for possible confounds, baseline toughness levels predicted depressive symptoms and life satisfaction over time. This study shows that mental toughness operates as a stress resilience resource. Mental toughness is, therefore a topic of interest for health specialists working with adolescent populations.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 0191-8869 ; 1873-3549
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/62139/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2012.12.003
ISI-Number WOS:000316833500002
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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