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Physical activity and health-related quality of life among schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4249010
Author(s) Salvini, Marina; Gall, Stefanie; Müller, Ivan; Walter, Cheryl; du Randt, Rosa; Steinmann, Peter; Utzinger, Jürg; Pühse, Uwe; Gerber, Markus
Author(s) at UniBasel Steinmann, Peter
Utzinger, Jürg
Salvini, Marina
Gall, Stefanie
Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Müller, Ivan
Year 2018
Title Physical activity and health-related quality of life among schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Journal Quality of Life Research
Volume 27
Number 1
Pages / Article-Number 205-216
Mesh terms Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Exercise, psychology; Female; Humans; Male; Quality of Life, psychology; Schools, standards; South Africa; Vulnerable Populations, psychology
Abstract PURPOSE: The relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical activity (PA), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among disadvantaged communities in low- and middle-income countries is poorly understood. In South Africa, children from socioeconomically deprived households are at an elevated risk of sedentary lifestyles and poor HRQoL. We examined whether higher self-reported PA and higher CRF levels are associated with better HRQoL in South African schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods. METHODS: Overall, 832 children aged 8-12 years participated in this cross-sectional study. HRQoL was assessed through five dimensions of the KIDSCREEN-27 tool. Self-reported PA was measured using a single item of the Health-Behaviour of School-Aged Children test, and CRF with the 20-m shuttle run test. RESULTS: Higher self-reported PA was significantly and positively related to HRQoL. Significant, but small group differences existed across all dimensions of HRQoL between low and high self-reported PA. No significant associations were observed between CRF levels and HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Schoolchildren reporting PA of at least 60 min on at least 6 days a week (the recommended minimum) report higher HRQoL than their peers with lower PA levels.
Publisher Springer
ISSN/ISBN 0962-9343 ; 1573-2649
edoc-URL https://edoc.unibas.ch/59410/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1007/s11136-017-1707-1
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28965191
ISI-Number WOS:000422793600021
Document type (ISI) Journal Article
 
   

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