Researchers' interpretations of research integrity: A qualitative study
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4215546
Author(s) Shaw, David; Satalkar, Priya
Author(s) at UniBasel Satalkar, Priya
Shaw, David
Year 2018
Title Researchers' interpretations of research integrity: A qualitative study
Journal Accountability in Research
Volume 25
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 79-93
Keywords Research integrity, scientific integrity, ethics, clinical research, research misconduct, scientific misconduct
Mesh terms Bias; Biomedical Research, standards; Data Interpretation, Statistical; Humans; Interviews as Topic; Qualitative Research; Research Personnel, psychology; Scientific Misconduct, psychology; Switzerland; Truth Disclosure
Abstract Despite increasing interest in integrity issues, relatively few studies have examined researchers' own interpretations of integrity. As part of the Perspectives on Research Integrity in Science and Medicine (PRISM) project, we sought to explore how researchers themselves define research integrity. We conducted 33 semi-structured interviews with clinical and laboratory-based researchers from across Switzerland. Data were transcribed and coded using thematic analysis and illustrative quotes were selected. Researchers defined integrity in terms of honesty, transparency, and objectivity, and generally stressed the importance of sticking to the research question and avoiding bias in data interpretation. Some saw research integrity as being synonymous with scientific integrity, but others regarded research integrity as being a subset of the wider domain of scientific integrity. A few participants equated research integrity with mere absence of misconduct, but the majority of participants regarded integrity as being more than this. Researchers regarded truth as the key aspect of integrity, though they expressed this in different ways and with various emphases on honesty, transparency, and objectivity. Integrity goes beyond avoiding misconduct, and scientific integrity has a wider domain than research integrity.
Publisher Taylor & Francis
ISSN/ISBN 0898-9621 ; 1545-5815
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1080/08989621.2017.1413940
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000426896000002
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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