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A New Astronomically Based Chronological Model for the Egyptian Old Kingdom
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 4040790
Author(s) Gautschy, Rita; Habicht, Michael E.; Galassi, Francesco M.; Rutica, Daniela; Rühli, Frank J.; Hannig, Rainer
Author(s) at UniBasel Gautschy, Rita
Year 2017
Title A New Astronomically Based Chronological Model for the Egyptian Old Kingdom
Journal Journal of Egyptian History
Volume 10
Number 2
Pages / Article-Number 69-108
Keywords Egyptian Old Kingdom, heliacal rising of Sirius, chronology, lunar dates, regnal year count
Abstract A recently discovered inscription on an ancient Egyptian ointment jar mentions the heliacal rising of Sirius. In the time of the early Pharaohs, this specific astronomical event marked the beginning of the Egyptian New Year and originally the annual return of the Nile flood, making it of great ritual importance. Since the Egyptian civil calendar of 365 days permanently shifted one day in four years in comparison to the stars due to the lack of intercalation, the connection of a date from the Egyptian civil calendar with the heliacal rising of Sothis is vitally important for the reconstruction of chronology. The new Sothis date from the Old Kingdom (3rd–6th Dynasties) in combination with other astronomical data and radiocarbon dating re-calibrates the chronology of ancient Egypt and consequently the dating of the Pyramids. A chronological model for Dynasties 3 to 6 constructed on the basis of calculated astronomical data and contemporaneously documented year dates of Pharaohs is presented.
Publisher Brill
ISSN/ISBN 1874-1657 ; 1874-1665
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1163/18741665-12340035
ISI-Number WOS:000415985800001
Document type (ISI) Article

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