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Chronic effects of exercise implemented during school-break time on neurophysiological indices of inhibitory control in adolescents
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 4024169
Author(s) Ludyga, Sebastian; Gerber, Markus; Herrmann, Christian; Brand, Serge; Pühse, Uwe
Author(s) at UniBasel Ludyga, Sebastian
Herrmann, Christian
Brand, Serge
Pühse, Uwe
Gerber, Markus
Year 2018
Title Chronic effects of exercise implemented during school-break time on neurophysiological indices of inhibitory control in adolescents
Journal Trends in Neuroscience and Education
Volume 10
Pages / Article-Number 1-7
Keywords P300 Event-related potentials Stroop task Coordinative exercise Executive control Physical activity Inhibition
Abstract The present study investigated the effects of an exercise intervention, which was implemented during school-break time, on the P300 component of event-related potentials and inhibitory control. Adolescents aged 12–15 years were allocated to an exercise and control group. The exercise group performed 20 min of aerobic and coordinative exercise per school day over a period of 8 weeks. Before and after the intervention, stimulus-locked event-related potentials were recorded during a Stroop task using electroencephalography . Cluster-based permutation testing revealed a greater increase of the P300 amplitude in the exercise compared to the control group, most pronounced for the parieto-occipital region. Additionally, increases in P300 amplitude were associated with decreases in incompatible reaction time on the Stroop task. An exercise program implemented during school-break time enhances adolescents' inhibitory control. This benefit seems to be due to an improved allocation of attentional resources towards the cognitive task.
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN/ISBN 2211-9493
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/57235/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1016/j.tine.2017.11.001
ISI-Number WOS:000425865200001
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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