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Rainfall drives atmospheric ice-nucleating particles in the coastal climate of southern Norway
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 3928869
Author(s) Conen, Franz; Eckhardt, Sabine; Gundersen, Hans; Stohl, Andreas; Yttri, Karl Espen
Author(s) at UniBasel Conen, Franz
Year 2017
Title Rainfall drives atmospheric ice-nucleating particles in the coastal climate of southern Norway
Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume 17
Number 18
Pages / Article-Number 11065-11073
Abstract Ice-nucleating particles (INPs) active at modest supercooling (e.g. 8 degrees C; INP-8) can transform clouds from liquid to mixed phase, even at very small number concentrations (< 10 m(-3)). Over the course of 15 months, we found very similar patterns in weekly concentrations of INP-8 in PM10 (median = 1.7 m(-3), maximum = 10.1 m(-3) and weekly amounts of rainfall (median = 28 mm, maximum = 153 mm) at Birkenes, southern Norway. Most INP-8 were probably aerosolised locally by the impact of raindrops on plant, litter and soil surfaces. Major snowfall and heavy rain onto snow-covered ground were not mirrored by enhanced numbers of INP-8. Further, transport model calculations for large (>4 m(-3)) and small (<4 m(-3)) numbers of INP-8 revealed that potential source regions likely to provide precipitation to southern Norway were associated with large numbers of INP-8. The proportion of land cover and land use type in potential source regions was similar for large and small numbers of INP-8. In PM2:5 we found consistently about half as many INP-8 as in PM10. From mid-May to mid-September, INP-8 correlated positively with the fungal spore markers arabitol and mannitol, suggesting that some fraction of INP-8 during that period may consist of fungal spores. In the future, warmer winters with more rain instead of snow may enhance airborne concentrations of INP-8 during the cold season in southern Norway and in other regions with a similar climate.
Publisher European Geosciences Union
ISSN/ISBN 1680-7316 ; 1680-7324
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.5194/acp-17-11065-2017
ISI-Number 000411126600001
Document type (ISI) Article

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