A Matter of Balance: Motor Control is Related to Children's Spatial and Proportional Reasoning Skills
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
 
ID 3672594
Author(s) Frick, Andrea; Möhring, Wenke
Author(s) at UniBasel Möhring, Wenke
Year 2016
Title A Matter of Balance: Motor Control is Related to Children's Spatial and Proportional Reasoning Skills
Journal Frontiers in Psychology
Volume 6
Pages / Article-Number 2049
Abstract Recent research has shown close links between spatial and mathematical thinking and between spatial abilities and motor skills. However, longitudinal research examining the relations between motor, spatial, and mathematical skills is rare, and the nature of these relations remains unclear. The present study thus investigated the relation between children's motor control and their spatial and proportional reasoning. We measured 6-year-olds' spatial scaling (i.e., the ability to reason about different-sized spaces), their mental transformation skills, and their ability to balance on one leg as an index for motor control. One year later (N = 126), we tested the same children's understanding of proportions. We also assessed several control variables (verbal IQ and socio-economic status) as well as inhibitory control, visuo-spatial and verbal working memory. Stepwise hierarchical regressions showed that, after accounting for effects of control variables, children's balance skills significantly increased the explained variance in their spatial performance and proportional reasoning. Our results suggest specific relations between balance skills and spatial as well as proportional reasoning skills that cannot be explained by general differences in executive functioning or intelligence.
Publisher Frontiers Media
ISSN/ISBN 1664-1078
edoc-URL http://edoc.unibas.ch/45131/
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02049
PubMed ID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26793157
ISI-Number WOS:000368007800001
Document type (ISI) Article
 
   

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