The role of muscle and motor neuron patterning in constraining digit number
Third-party funded project
Project title The role of muscle and motor neuron patterning in constraining digit number
Principal Investigator(s) Tschopp, Patrick
Organisation / Research unit Departement Umweltwissenschaften / Regulatory Evolution (Tschopp)
Project Website http://evolution.unibas.ch/tschopp/research/index.htm
Project start 01.01.2017
Probable end 31.12.2019
Status Completed
Abstract

During development, the musculoskeletal apparatus of the vertebrate limb integrates and patterns diverse tissue types with distinct embryonic origins. Namely, the bones of the appendicular skeleton originate from the lateral plate mesoderm, while the musculature and its innervating motor neurons derive from the somatic mesoderm and the neural tube, respectively. How is the patterning of such distinct embryonic progenitor populations coordinated, in order to give rise to a fully functional, moveable limb? Moreover, what are the potential developmental constraints originating from such patterning interdependency between different tissue types?
We are studying the patterning of these three tissue types in vertebrate autopods, hands and feet, where the appendicular skeleton shows the highest degree of morphological diversity and functional specialization. We are using chicken experimental embryology as well as genetic mouse models (in collaboration with Rolf Zeller’s group, Department of Biomedicine, Uni Basel) to address these questions.

Keywords Neuromuscular development, Developmental constraint
Financed by Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
   

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