Age and motivation predict gaze behavior for facial expressions
JournalArticle (Originalarbeit in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift)
ID 3623607
Author(s) Nikitin, Jana; Freund, Alexandra M.
Author(s) at UniBasel Nikitin, Jana
Year 2011
Title Age and motivation predict gaze behavior for facial expressions
Journal Psychology and Aging
Volume 26
Number 3
Pages / Article-Number 695-700
Abstract This study investigated age-related differences between younger (M = 25.52 years) and older (M = 70.51 years) adults in avoidance motivation and the influence of avoidance motivation on gaze preferences for happy, neutral, and angry faces. In line with the hypothesis of reduced negativity effect later in life, older adults avoided angry faces and (to a lesser degree) preferred happy faces more than younger adults did. This effect cannot be explained by age-related changes in dispositional motivation. Irrespective of age, avoidance motivation predicted gaze behavior towards emotional faces. The study demonstrates the importance of interindividual differences beyond young adulthood.
Publisher American Psychological Association
ISSN/ISBN 0882-7974 ; 1939-1498
Full Text on edoc No
Digital Object Identifier DOI 10.1037/a0023281
PubMed ID
ISI-Number WOS:000294984500020
Document type (ISI) Journal Article

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